This volume, originally published in Russian in 2012, is one of the few larger works on Nivkh (Gilyak), an underinvestigated endangered Paleosiberian language-isolate, that have appeared lately. It is a descriptive grammar based on extensive language data and supplemented with the authors' experiments and subtle analysis, aimed at elucidating some moot points of the highly specific Nivkh syntax, and with quantitave data. It focuses on syntactic and semantic types of verbs and their aspectual and temporal characteristics, various groups of verbal grammatical morphemes, the use of finite and non-finite verb forms, and especially on numerous converbs, sentence types, word order, two-predicate constructions, relative clauses, direct and indirect speech, text structure and cohesion. The typological expertise and insights of V.P. Nedjalkov and the native intuitions of G.A. Otaina combine to add value to this volume. The book will be of interest to specialists in morphosyntax, typology, general linguistics and indigenous languages.
1. Foreword; 2. Abbreviations; 3. Chapter 1. Introductory notes; 4. Chapter 2. Bound and free complexes; 5. Chapter 3. Free and bound word variants; 6. Chapter 4. Morphological and syntactic complexes: Attributive and object complexes; 7. Chapter 5. Extended morphological complexes; 8. Chapter 6. Personal and reflexive pronouns; 9. Chapter 7. Basic rules of alternation of plosives and fricatives; 10. Chapter 8. Special types of alternations; 11. Chapter 9. The problem of incorporation; 12. Chapter 10. The direct object + verb complex: Alternation of initial consonants in transitives; 13. Chapter 11. The attribute + noun complex: Alternation of initial consonants of nouns and verbs in attributive position; 14. Chapter 12. The verbal finite predicate; 15. Chapter 13. The nominal predicate; 16. Chapter 14. Converbs; 17. Chapter 15. Coordination of homogeneous predicates; 18. Chapter 16. The noun; 19. Chapter 17. Future tense markers in verbal forms; 20. Chapter 18. The adverb; 21. Chapter 19. Ideophones (imitative words); 22. Chapter 20. Analytical and grammaticalized verbal constructions with auxiliary and semi-auxiliary words: Compound verbs; 23. Chapter 21. The main classes of verbal grammatical morphemes; 24. Chapter 22. Group A. Verbal suffixes taking the same position in the morphological verb structure as the finite suffix -d /-t; 25. Chapter 23. Group B. Verbal suffixes, particles and auxiliary words post-posed to the finite suffix -d /-t; 26. Chapter 24. Group C. Verbal suffixes pre-posed to Group A suffixes; 27. Chapter 25. Syntactic (valency) classes of verbs; 28. Chapter 26. Semantic classes of verbs; 29. Chapter 27. Sentence word order; 30. Chapter 28. Means of introducing direct speech; 31. Chapter 29. Means of expressing indirect speech; 32. Chapter 30. The imperceptive marker - particle -furu /-p'uru/-vuru; 33. Chapter 31. Two-predicate constructions; 34. Chapter 32. Causative constructions formed by verbs with the suffix -ku/-gammau-/-gu-/-xu-; 35. Chapter 33. Relative clauses; 36. Chapter 34. Relative clauses without a head word; 37. Chapter 35. The structure of a narrative text; 38. Chapter 36. Aspectual and taxis characteristics of converbs; 39. References; 40. List of publications on Nivkh Grammar by V.P. Nedjalkov and G.A. Otaina; 41. Name index; 42. Language index; 43. Subject index