A System of Indian Logic: The Nyana Theory of Inference
By: John Vattansky (author)Hardback
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Nyana is the most rational and logical of all the classical Indian philosophical systems. In the study of Nyana philosophy, Karikavali with its commentary Muktavali, both by Visvanatha Nyayapancanana, with the commentaries Dinakari and Ramarudri, have been of decisive significance for the last few centuries as advanced introductions to this subject. The present work concentrates on inference (anumana) in Karikavali, Muktavali and Dinakari, carefully divided into significant units according to the subject, and translates and interprets them. Its commentary makes use of the primary interpretation in Sanskrit contained especially in the Ramarudri and Subodhini. The book begins with the Sanskrit texts of Karikavali and Muktavali; followed by English translation of these texts. Next is given the Sanskrit text of Dinakari which comments on the first two texts, followed by its English translation. Lastly, the book contains a commentary on all the texts included.
Part I. Introduction Part II. Analysis of Karikavali, Muktavali and Dinakari-Anumanakhanda Part III. Text, Translation and Interpretation of Karikavali, Muktavali and Dinakari-Anumanakhanda 1A. Process of Inferential Knowledge 1B. Knowledge of Reason is not the Instrumental Cause 2. Definition and Form of Consideration 3A. Provisional Definition of Invariable Concomitance 3B. Final Definition of Invariable Concomitance 4. Subjectness 5. Definition of Fallaciousness and Division of Fallacies 6. Fallacy of Deviant Reason and its Divisions 7. Fallacy of Opposite Reason 8A. Fallacy of Counterthesis 8B. View of Ratnakosakara and its Refutation 9. Fallacy of Unestablishedness of Reason 10. Fallacy of Contradiction 11. Fallacy of Deviant Reason (According to Old Naiyayikas) 12. Fallacy of Opposite Reason (According to Old Naiyayikas) 13. Fallacy of Unestablishedness of Reason (According to Old Naiyayikas) 14. Fallacy of Counterthesis (According to Old Naiyayikas) 15. Fallacy of Contradiction (According to Old Naiyayikas) Part IV. Appendix 16A. Means of Grasping Invariable Concomitance 16B. Additional Condition (upadhi) 16C. Kinds of Inference 16D. Presumption is Included in Negative Invariable Concomitance
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