Panare, also known as E'napa Woromaipu, is a seriously endangered Cariban language spoken by about 3,500 people in Central Venezuela. A Typological Grammar of Panare by Thomas E. Payne and Doris L. Payne, is a full length linguistic grammar written from a modern functional and typological perspective. The many remarkable characteristics highlighted in the grammar include a 'split-inverse' person marking system, transitivity-sensitive aspect and person-marking verb morphology, object incorporation, relatively nonconfigurational NP structure, both verb-initial and object-initial constituent orders, a complex system of clause chaining, switch reference, and a rich system of evidential and epistemic marking.
Thomas E. Payne, PhD (1985), UCLA, is Senior International Linguistics Consultant with SIL International, and Research Associate in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Oregon. He publishes books and research articles in descriptive linguistics and grammar writing. Doris L. Payne, Ph.D. (1985) UCLA, is professor at the University of Oregon and a consultant with SIL International. She has published on Native American and East African languages, and leads workshops around the world focused on morphosyntax and discourse.
Acknowledgements Abbreviations Glossing Conventions 1 The Language and Its Speakers 2 Phonology and Morphophonology 3 Nouns and Nominals 4 Nominal Derivation and "Possessive" Denominalization 5 Modifcation 6 The Morphosyntax of the Verb: Organizing Principles 7 Verb Stem Derivation 8 Past-Perfective Aspect Constructions 9 Non-Pastperfective Aspect Constructions 10 Minority Class Verbs 11 Noun Phrase Structure 12 Adpositional Phrases and Oblique Constituents 13 Copula Constructions 14 Voice and Valence 15 Knowing and Not Knowing: Epistemic and Negative Categories 16 Commands and the Expression of Deontic Modality 17 Questions and Contrastive Constructions 18 Complementation 19 Adverbial and Medial Clauses 20 Relative and Modifying Clauses Appendix. Two Panare Texts References Index