A User's Guide to Engineering

A User's Guide to Engineering

By: James N. Jensen (author)Paperback

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Description

With an informal and engaging writing style, A User's Guide to Engineering is an exploration of the world of engineering for future and current engineers. An important feature of this guide is the collection of engineering case studies which present stories of engineers faced with challenges that can be solved by applying the fundamental ideas presented in the book.

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Contents

Part I: Discovering Engineering Chapter 1: About Discovering Engineering 1.1 Introduction Focus On Choosing Engineering: So Why Did You Become an Engineer? 1.2 Welcome to Engineering 1.3 How to Discover Engineering Focus On Diversity in Engineering: The Real McCoy? 1.4 Engineering Education: What You Should Expect 1.4.1 Eaton's first rule: " ... make practical applications of all the sciences ..." 1.4.2 Eaton's second rule: "... take the place of the teacher ... [in] exercises." 1.4.3 Eaton's third rule: "... attend to but one branch of learning at the same time..." 1.4.4 Eaton's fourth rule: "Let the amusements and recreation of students be of a scientific character." 1.4.5 Eaton's fifth rule: "Let every student daily criticize those whose exercise he has attended ..." 1.5 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems Chapter 2: What is Engineering? 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Defining Engineering 2.3 Engineering as an Applied Discipline 2.3.1 Knowledge generation versus knowledge implementation 2.3.2 The role of engineering 2.4 Engineering As Creative Problem Solving 2.4.1 Solving problems 2.4.2 Standard approaches to solving problems 2.4.3 Creative approaches to solving problems 2.5 Engineering as Constrained Optimization 2.5.1 Constraints 2.5.2 Feasibility Focus On Constrained Optimization: A Square Peg in a Round Hole 2.6 Engineering as Making Choices 2.7 Engineering as Helping Others 2.8 Engineering as a Profession 2.9 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems Chapter 3: Engineering Careers 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Engineering Jobs 3.2.1 Availability of jobs 3.2.2 Introduction to engineer-ing jobs 3.2.3 Engineers in industry 3.2.4 Engineers in service 3.2.5 Engineers in government 3.2.6 Other engineering jobs 3.2.7 Engineering education as a route to other fields Focus On Non-Engineers: It's Not Hedy, It's Hedley 3.3 Job Satisfaction in Engineering 3.3.1 What does "job satisfaction" mean to you? 3.3.2 Engineering salaries 3.4 Future of Engineering Employment 3.5 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems Chapter 4: Engineering Disciplines 4.1 Introduction 4.2 How Many Engineering Disciplines Exist? 4.3 Chemical Engineering 4.3.1 Technical areas 4.3.2 Applications 4.3.3 Curriculum 4.4 Civil Engineering 4.3.1 Technical areas 4.3.2 Applications 4.3.3 Curriculum 4.5 Electrical Engineering 4.5.1 Technical areas 4.5.2 Applications 4.5.3 Curriculum 4.6 Industrial Engineering 4.6.1 Technical areas 4.6.2 Applications 4.6.3 Curriculum 4.7 Mechanical Engineering 4.7.1 Technical areas 4.7.2 Applications 4.7.3 Curriculum 4.8 Major Engineering Subdisciplines 4.8.1 Introduction 4.8.2 Materials engineering 4.8.3 Aeronautical, astronautical, and aerospace engineering 4.8.4 Environmental engineering 4.8.5 Agricultural engineering 4.8.6 Biomedical engineering 4.9 How Do New Engineering Disciplines Evolve? 4.9.1 Introduction 4.9.2 Creation of new field by budding 4.9.3 Creation of new field by merging Focus On Emerging Disciplines: So You Want to Be a Nanoengineer? 4.10 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems Part II: Engineering Problem Solving Chapter 5: Introduction to Engineering Problem Solving and the Scientific Method 5.1 Introduction 5.1.1 Engineering problems 5.1.2 The art and science of engineering problem-solving 5.1.3 Engineering solution methods 5.2 Approaches to Engineering Problem Solving 5.2.1 Introduction 5.2.2 Scientific method 5.2.3 Engineering analysis method 5.2.4 Engineering design method 5.2.5 Need for innovation 5.3 Introduction to the Scientific Method 5.3.1 Introduction 5.3.2. Scientific problem-solving process 5.4 Problem Definition 5.4.1 Introduction 5.4.2 Inclusive and exclusive definitions 5.4.3 Disadvantages of definitions that are not specific 5.5 Formulate a Hypothesis 5.5.1 Introduction 5.5.2 Hypotheses as testable statements 5.6 Test the Hypothesis 5.6.1 Testing a hypothesis by experiment 5.6.2 Testing a hypothesis by analysis 5.7 Drawing Conclusions from Hypothesis Testing 5.7.1 Rejecting a hypothesis 5.7.2 Conditionally accepting a hypothesis 5.8 Examples of the Use of the Scientific Method 5.9 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems Chapter 6: Engineering Analysis Method 6.1 Introduction 6.1.1 Introduction to the engineering analysis method 6.1.2 Solving analysis problems 6.2 Gathering Data 6.2.1 Introduction 6.2.2 Data collection 6.3 Selecting the Analysis Method 6.3.1 Introduction 6.3.2 Selection of physical laws 6.3.3 Translation into mathematical expressions 6.4 Estimate the Solution 6.4.1 Introduction 6.4.2 Example 6.5 Solving the Problem 6.5.1 Solving mathematical expressions by isolating the unknown 6.5.2 "Golden Rule" of expression manipulation 6.5.3 Manipulating inequalities 6.5.4 Hints for manipulating equations 6.6 Check the Results 6.6.1 Introduction 6.6.2 Use logic to avoid aphysical answers 6.6.3 Using logic to check expression manipulation 6.6.4 Using estimation to check solutions 6.6.5 Using units to check solutions 6.7 Units 6.7.1 Introduction 6.7.2 Dimensional analysis Focus On Units: The Multimillion Dollar Units Mistake 6.7.3 Units and functions 6.7.4 Units conversion 6.8 An Example of the Engineering Analysis Method 6.9 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems Chapter 7: Engineering Design Method 7.1 Introduction 7.1.1 Introduction to engineering design 7.1.2 Solving design problems 7.2 Generating Multiple Solutions 7.2.1 Introduction 7.2.2 Brainstorming 7.2.3 Methods for generating new ideas 7.3 Analyzing Alternatives and Selecting a Solution 7.3.1 Analyzing alternatives 7.3.2 Selecting a solution 7.4 Implementing the Solution 7.5 Evaluating the Solution 7.6 Design Example 7.7 Design Parameters 7.7.1 Introduction 7.7.2 Example 7.7.3 Uses of design parameters 7.8 Innovations in Design 7.8.1 Introduction 7.8.2 Need for innovation 7.8.3 Design innovation by concurrent engineering 7.8.4 Design innovation by reengineering 7.8.5 Design innovation by reverse engineering 7.8.6 How to innovate 7.8.7 Translating failure into success through innovation Focus On Design: What Comes Around, Goes Around 7.9 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems Part III: Engineering Problem-Solving Tools Chapter 8: Introduction to Engineering Problem-Solving Tools and Using Data 8.1 Introduction 8.1.1 Engineering problem-solving tools 8.1.2 Using data 8.2 Accuracy and Precision 8.2.1 Introduction 8.2.2 Accuracy 8.2.3 Precision 8.3 Rounding and Significant Digits 8.3.1 Introduction 8.3.2 Counting the number of significant digits 8.3.3 Exceptions to the rule: numbers with no decimal point and exact numbers 8.3.4 Reporting measurements 8.3.5 Rounding and calculations 8.4 Measures of Central Tendency 8.4.1 Introduction 8.4.2 Arithmetic mean 8.4.3 Median 8.4.4 Geometric mean 8.4.5 Harmonic mean 8.4.6 Quadratic mean 8.4.7 Mode 8.5 Measures of Variability 8.5.1 Introduction 8.5.2 Variance 8.5.3 Standard deviation 8.5.4 Relative standard deviation 8.5.5 Variability and data collection in engineering Focus On Variability: Paying to Reduce Uncertainty 8.6 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems Chapter 9: Engineering Models 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Why Use Models? 9.3 Types of Models 9.3.1 Introduction 9.3.2 Conceptual models 9.3.3 Physical models 9.3.4 Mathematical models 9.3.5 Other kinds of models Focus On Models: Mathematical or Physical Model? 9.4 Using Models and Data to Answer Engineering Questions 9.4.1 Interplay of models and data 9.4.2 Potential errors 9.4.3 Model fits 9.4.4 Using calibrated models 9.4.5 Determining model fit 9.4.6 Are engineering models real? 9.5 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems Chapter 10: Computing Tools in Engineering 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Computer Hardware 10.2.1 Computer types 10.2.2 Microprocessors 10.2.3 Memory and mass storage 10.2.4 Input, output, and communication devices 10.3 General Computer Software 10.3.1 Introduction 10.3.2 Operating systems 10.3.3 Communications software 10.3.4 Spreadsheet software 10.4 Engineering and Science Specific Software 10.4.1 Introduction 10.4.2 Programming software 10.4.3 Trends in programming software 10.4.4 Symbolic math software 10.4.5 Computer-aided design 10.4.6 Discipline-specific software 10.5 The Internet 10.5.1 Introduction 10.5.2 Structure of the Internet 10.5.3 Uses of the Internet 10.6 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems Chapter 11: Feasibility and Project Management 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Technical Feasibility 11.3 Engineering Economics 11.3.1 Costs of engineering projects 11.3.2 Time value of money 11.3.3 Calculating the present and future value of money 11.3.4 Uniform series 11.3.5 Engineering economics calculations 11.4 Economic Feasibility 11.4.1 Introduction 11.4.2 Comparing alternatives 11.4.3 Example 11.5 Fiscal Feasibility 11.5.1 Introduction 11.5.2 Bonds 11.5.3 Example 11.6 Social, Political, and Environmental Feasibility 11.7 Project Management 11.7.1 Introduction 11.7.2 Project planning 11.7.3 Project scheduling 11.7.4 Critical path method 11.8 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems Part IV: Technical Communication Chapter 12: Introduction to Technical Communication 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Role of Technical Communication in Engineering 12.2.1 Technical communication as a professional skill 12.2.2 Technical communication and employment 12.3 Misconceptions About Technical Communication 12.3.1 Misconception #1: Technical communication is inherently boring 12.3.2 Misconception #2: Engineering communication is passive 12.3.3 Misconception #3: Technical communication is best left to non-engineering specialists 12.3.4 Misconception #4: Good technical communicators are born, not made 12.4 Critical First Steps 12.4.1 Presentation goals 12.4.2 Target audience 12.4.3 Constraints 12.5 Organization 12.5.1 Outlines 12.5.2 Signposting 12.6 Using Tables and Figures to Present Data 12.6.1 Use of tables and figures 12.6.2 Common characteristics of tables and figures 12.7 Tables 12.8 Figures 12.8.1 Scatter plots 12.8.2 Bar charts 12.8.3 Pie charts Focus On Figures: Of Plots and Space Shuttles 12.9 Creativity in Technical Presentations 12.9.1 Creative conciseness 12.9.2 Thinking visually 12.10 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems Chapter 13: Written Technical Communications 13.1 Introduction 13.2 Overall Organization of Technical Documents 13.2.1 Introduction 13.2.2 General organization 13.2.3 Abstract 13.2.4 Introduction 13.2.5 Methods 13.2.6 Results and discussion 13.2.7 Conclusions and recommendations 13.2.8 References 13.2.9 Signposting in technical writing 13.3 Organizing Parts of Technical Documents 13.3.1 Paragraph organization 13.3.2 Sentence organization 13.3.3 Word choice 13.4 Grammar and Spelling 13.4.1 Subject-verb match 13.4.2 Voice 13.4.3 Tense 13.4.4 Pronouns 13.4.5 Adjectives and adverbs 13.4.6 Capitalization and punctuation 13.4.7 Spelling 13.4.8 Citation 13.4.9 Other problem areas 13.4.10 Proofreading 13.5 Types of Engineering Documents 13.5.1 Introduction 13.5.2 Reports 13.5.3 Letters 13.5.4 Memorandums Focus On Writing: Whither Paper Reports? 13.6 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems Chapter 14: Oral Technical Communications 14.1 Introduction 14.2 Before the Talk: Organization 14.3 Before the Talk: Designing Visual Aids 14.3.1 Number of visual aids 14.3.2 Types of visual aids 14.3.3 Content of visual aids: word slides 14.3.4 Content of visual aids: data slides 14.3.5 Special notes about computer-based presentations 14.4 Before the Talk: Preparing to Present 14.4.1 Practicing oral presentations 14.4.2 Memory aids 14.5 During the Talk 14.5.1 Pre-talk activities 14.5.2 Group presentations 14.5.3 Nervousness 14.5.4 What to say 14.5.5 How to say it Focus On Talks: Horror Stories 14.6 After the Talk 14.7 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems Part V: Engineering Profession Chapter 15: Introduction to the Engineering Profession and Professional Registration 15.1 Introduction 15.2 Professional Issues 15.2.1 What is a profession? 15.2.2 Engineering as a profession 15.2.3 Judgment and discretion in engineering 15.2.4 Admission to the profession 15.2.5 Self-policing Focus On Professionalism: Standing on the Shoulders of Giants 15.3 Professional Engineers 15.3.1 Introduction 15.3.2 Why Become a professional engineer? 15.4 The Registration Process 15.4.1 Overview 15.4.2 The accredited degree 15.4.3 Fundamentals of Engineering Examination 15.4.4 Experience 15.4.5 Principles and Practice Examination Focus On Registration: PE or Not PE? 15.5 After Registration 15.6 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems Chapter 16: Engineering Ethics 16.1 Introduction 16.2 Why Should Engineers Be Ethical? 16.3 Codes of Ethics 16.3.1 Introduction 16.3.2 NSPE Code of Ethics 16.4 Examples of Engineering Ethics 16.4.1 Not reporting violations 16.4.2 Whistle-blowing Focus On Ethics: Workplace Ethics 16.5 Summary Summary of Key Ideas Problems NSPE Code of Ethics for Engineers Part VI: Case Studies in Engineering Chapter 17: Introduction to the Engineering Case Studies 17.1 Introduction 17.2 Case Studies in this Text 17.2.1 Introduction 17.2.2 Using the case studies 17.3 Summary Chapter 18: Millennium Bridge Case Study 18.1 Introduction 18.2 The Story 18.3 The Case Study 18.3.1 Introduction 18.3.2 Case study 18.3.3 Reporting 18.4 Study Questions 18.5 Acknowledgements and Further Reading Summary of Key Ideas Default Grading Scheme: Millennium Bridge Case Study Chapter 19: Controllability Case Study 19.1 Introduction 19.2 The Story 19.3 The Case Study 19.3.1 Introduction 19.3.2 Case study 19.3.3 Modeling 19.3.4 Reporting 19.4 Study Questions 19.5 Acknowledgements and Further Reading Default Grading Scheme: Controllability Case Study Chapter 20: Dissolution Case Study 20.1 Introduction 20.2 The Story 20.3 The Case Study 20.3.1 Introduction 20.3.2 Case study 20.3.3 Reporting 20.4 Study Questions 20.5 Acknowledgements and Further Reading Default Grading Scheme: Dissolution Case Study Chapter 21: Computer Workstation Case Study 21.1 Introduction 21.2 The Story 21.3 The Case Study 21.3.1 Introduction 21.3.2 Case study 21.3.3 Reporting 21.4 Study Questions 21.5 Acknowledgements and Further Reading Default Grading Scheme: Computer Workstation Case Study Chapter 22: Power Transmission Case Study 22.1 Introduction 22.2 The Story 22.3 The Case Study 22.3.1 Introduction 22.3.2 Case study 22.3.3 Reporting 22.4 Study Questions 22.5 Acknowledgements and Further Reading Default Grading Scheme: Power Transmission Case Study Chapter 23: Walkway Collapse Case Study 23.1 Introduction 23.2 The Story 23.3 The Case Study 23.3.1 Introduction 23.3.2 Case study 23.3.3 Reporting 23.4 Study Questions 23.5 Acknowledgements and Further Reading Default Grading Scheme: Walkway Collapse Case Study Chapter 24: Trebuchet Case Study 24.1 Introduction 24.2 The Story 24.3 The Case Study 24.3.1 Introduction 24.3.2 Case study 24.3.3 Reporting 24.4 Study Questions 24.5 Acknowledgements and Further Reading Default Grading Scheme: Trebuchet Case Study Appendix A: Review of Physical Relationships A.1 Introduction A.2 Definitions A.2.1 Kinematic parameters A.2.2 Fundamental forces A.2.3 Other forces A.2.4 Energy, work, and power A.3 Decomposition by Vectors A.3.1 Position vectors A.3.2 Other vectors A.4 Conservation Laws A.5 Gradient-driven Processes Appendix B: Greek Alphabet in Engineering, Science, and Mathematics Appendix C: Linear Regression C.1 Introduction C.2 Linear Regression Analysis C.3 Calculating Linear Regression Coefficients Appendix D: Using Solver D.1 Introduction D.2 Using Solver for Model Fitting D.2.1 Introduction D.2.2 Setting up the spreadsheet D.2.3 Finding optimal parameter values D.3 Using Solver with Constraints D.3.1 Introduction D.3.2 Finding optimal parameter values with constraints D.4 Final Thoughts on Optimization Appendix E: Extended Trebuchet Analysis E.1 Introduction E.2 Analysis E.2.1 Introduction E.2.2 Revised kinematic equations E.2.3 Dependency on d and l/L E.2.4 Results Appendix F: References and Bibliographies F.1 References F.2 Annotated Bibliography: Technical Communication F.3 Bibliographies for Focus Ons

Product Details

  • publication date: 17/11/2005
  • ISBN13: 9780131480254
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 384
  • ID: 9780131480254
  • weight: 726
  • ISBN10: 0131480251

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