... exactly the kind of innovative, wide-ranging, theoretically informed social history that the Russian field badly needs." -Steven Smith, University of Essex
During World War I, millions of civilians on the eastern front, including Poles, Latvians, Jews, and Armenians as well as Russians and Ukrainians, were forcibly uprooted. This is the first book in any language to describe their experience and consider the social, political, and cultural meanings of refugeedom before and after the collapse of the tsarist empire.
Peter Gatrell teaches modern European history and economic history at the University of Manchester, where he is presently Professor and Head of Department. His previous books include The Tsarist Economy 1850-1917 and Government, Industry and Rearmament in Russia, 1900- 1914.
Introduction: Humanity Uprooted 1. War and the Origins of Involuntary Displacement 2. The Politics of Refugeedom 3. Resettlement and Relief of Refugees 4. Consolidating Refugeedom 5. Refugees and Gender 6. Refugees and the Labor Market 7. Refugees and the Construction of "National" Identity 8. Revolution and Refugeedom 9. Conclusion: The Meanings of Refugeedom Appendix 1. Refugee Population Statistics Appendix 2. Questionnaire Issued by the Tatiana Committee, January 1917 Abbreviations Notes Bibliography Index