A World History of Ancient Political Thought

A World History of Ancient Political Thought

By: Antony Black (author)Hardback

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This book examines the political thought of China, Greece, Israel, Rome, India, Iran, Egypt, Mesopotamia, and also early Christianity, from prehistory to c. 200 CE. Each of these had its own priorities, based on a religious and philosophical perspective. This led to different ideas about who should govern, how to govern, and what government was for. In most cultures, sacred monarchy was the norm, but this ranged from absolute to conditional authority. 'The people' were recipients of royal (and divine) beneficence. Justice, the rule of law and meritocracy were generally regarded as fundamental. In Greece and Rome, democracy and liberty were born, while in Israel the polity was based on covenant and the law. Confucius taught humaneness, Mozi and Christianity taught universal love; Kautilya and the Chinese 'Legalists' believed in realpolitik and an authoritarian state. The conflict between might and right was resolved in many different ways. Chinese, Greek and Indian thinkers reflected on the origin and purposes of the state. Status and class were embedded in Indian and Chinese thought, the nation in Israelite thought. The Stoics and Cicero, on the other hand, saw humanity as a single unit. Political philosophy, using logic, evidence and dialectic, was invented in China and Greece, statecraft in China and India, political science in Greece. Plato and Aristotle, followed by Polybius and Cicero, started 'western' political philosophy. This book covers political philosophy, religious ideology, constitutional theory, social ethics, official and popular political culture.

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About Author

Antony Black is Professor Emeritus in the History of Political Thought, School of Humanities, University of Dundee. He was Lecturer in Politics at University of Dundee from 1963 until retirement in 2000. 1975-76 Visiting Associate Professor, School of Government and Public Administration, The American University, Washington DC., USA. 1980-81 Senior Research Fellow, Nuffield Foundation. March-April 1993 Visiting Professor, Faculty of Jurisprudence, University of Trento, Italy. 1993-7. Head of Dept. of Politics 1995-9 Book Review Editor of Early Modern History: Contacts, Contrasts and Comparisons (Brill).


Glossary ; Abbreviations ; Time chart ; Introduction ; 1. Early Communities and States ; 2. Egypt ; 3. Mesopotamia, Assyria, Babylon ; 4. Iran ; 5. Israel ; 6. India ; 7. China ; 8. The Greeks ; 9. Rome ; 10. Greco-Roman Humanism ; 11. The Kingdom of heaven and the church of Christ ; 12. Themes: similarities and differences between cultures ; 13. Conclusion ; Index

Product Details

  • publication date: 30/04/2009
  • ISBN13: 9780199281695
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 280
  • ID: 9780199281695
  • weight: 593
  • ISBN10: 0199281696

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