In the articles included in this collection, Professor Daniel argues that Abbot Joachim of Fiore was a disciple of Bernard of Clairvaux whose tertius status was reformist, not millenialist. Like the other reformists, Gerhoch of Reichersberg and Hildegard of Bingen, Joachim looked forward to the coming of a thoroughly reformed, holy church to be achieved in the near future by reform of the episcopate and the clergy. The status of the Holy Spirit was the culmination of the preceding status, not a radically new beginning. Apocalypticism in both its reformist and in its imperialist versions was part of the mainstream, despite the efforts of the schoolmen to suppress it. The author also sheds significant new light on apocalyptic thinking in the mid-fourteenth century with a thorough analysis of Henry of Kirkstede's vade mecum, Cambridge Corpus Christi 404 and his first edition of Henry's De antichristo et de fine mundi. This study, and three others, are published here for the first time.
E. Randolph Daniel is a is professor emeritus of the University of Kentucky, where he taught Medieval History.
Contents: Introduction; Joachim of Fiore: new editions and studies; The double procession of the Holy Spirit in Joachim of Fiore's understanding of history; Abbot Joachim of Fiore: the De ultimis tribultationibus; Joachim of Fiore: patterns of history in the Apocalypse; A new understanding of Joachim: the concords, the exile and the exodus; Abbot Joachim of Fiore and the conversion of the Jews; Double Antichrists or antichrists: Abbot Joachim of Fiore; Heresy and Abbot Joachim of Fiore; A re-examination of the origins of Franciscan Joachitism; The manuscripts of the Liber de Concordia and early Joachimism; Apocalyptic conversion: the Joachite alternative to the crusades; Reformist apocalypticism and the Friars Minor; Reformers or revolutionaries? Sabatier, Francis and Joachim; St Bonaventure's debt to Joachim; Symbol or model? St Bonaventure's use of St Francis; English Joachimism, 1300-1500: the Columbinus prophecy (with Kathryn Kerby-Fulton); Henry of Kirkstede's De antichristo et de fine mundi; Medieval apocalypticism, millennialism and violence; Index.