Abolitionists Abroad: American Blacks and the Making of Modern West Africa
By: Lamin O. Sanneh (author)Hardback
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In 1792, almost 1200 freed American slaves crossed the Atlantic and established Freetown, West Africa, a community dedicated to anti-slavery and opposed to the African chieftan hierachy that was tied to slavery. Thus began an unprecedented movement with critical long-term effects on the evolution of social, religious, and political institutions in modern Africa. This book narrates the story of those freed slaves who led the efforts to abolish the slave trade by attacking its base operation: the capture and sale of people by African chiefs. The author's protagonists set out to establish in West Africa colonies founded on equal rights and opportunity for personal enterprise, communities that would be havens for ex-slaves and an example to the rest of Africa. The ex-slave repatriates brought with them an evangelical Christianity that encouraged individual spirituality - a revolutionary vision in a land where European missionaries had long assumed they could Christianize the whole society by converting chiefs and rulers.
Lamin Sanneh is Professor of History and D. Willis James Professor of World Christianity, Yale University.
Acknowledgments Introduction The Transatlantic Corridor Antislavery Establishment Structures Antistructure The American Factor The Frame of Interpretation Historiography 1. The American Slave Corridor and the New African Potential The Historical Significance of Olaudah Equiano Antislavery and Black Loyalists in the American Revolution The Black Poor in London The Sierra Leone Resettlement Plan Antislavery and Early Colonization in America Thomas Peters: Moving Antislavery to Africa Freedom and the Evangelical Convergence Upsetting the Natural Order New Light Religion:Pushing at the Boundaries 2. "A Plantation of Religion" and the Enterprise Culture in Africa Antislavery and Antistructure David George Moses Wilkinson The Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion Paul Cuffee The Voluntarist Impulse Christianity and Antinomianism 3. Abolition and the Cause of Recaptive Africans Sir Charles MacCarthy:Christendom Revisited Recaptives and the New Society The Example of Samuel Ajayi Crowther The Strange Career of John Ezzidio 4.The Niger Expedition, Missionary Imperatives, and African Ferment Change in the Old Order Recaptives and the New Middle Class: Brokers or Collaborators? Thomas Jefferson Bowen and the Manifest Middle Class Crowther and the Niger Expedition The Niger Mission Resumed Antislavery and Its New Friends The Native Pastorate and Its Nemesis Martin Delany: Anatomy of a Cause Debacle Reaction and Resistance 5. American Colonization and the Founding of Liberia Colonization Sentiments Commercial Motives: Purse and Principle The Humanitarian Motive and the Evangelical Impulse Colonization without Empire: America 's Spiritual Kingdom Colonization before Antislavery: Mission of Inquiry African Resettlement: Fact and Fiction The Founding of Liberia: Privatization of Public Responsibility Lott Carey and Liberia Expansion and Exclusion Black Ideology Conclusion Antislavery Antistructure The American Factor Crowther, the CMS, and Evangelical Religion Colonialism, Christendom, and the Impact of Antistructure New World Lessons Notes Sources Index
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