This volume of new essays illuminates the process of indigenous autonomy and development, together with the opportunities and obstacles faced, in northern Quebec and Labrador. It explores the interconnected territorial, socio-economic, institutional and cultural dimensions of aboriginal self-determination in this region. Many chapters address strategies adopted by Native people and their representative organizations as they grapple with `development' agendas defined by southern central governments and industries. A key dimension of this project was the involvement of the northern First Nations leadership, who contributed to setting and executing the research agenda.The disciplinary range of contributors includes Anthropology, Geography, Law and Sociology. Analysis is mostly qualitative, supplemented by quantitative research. Methods include participant observation, structured as well as open-ended interviews, analysis of public documents and archives, some statistical procedures, and analysis of mass media discourse.Aboriginal Autonomy and Development is divided into three thematic sections: (Re)defining Territory; Resource Management and Development Conflicts; and Community, Identity, and Governance. It will be an important reading for researchers, policy-makers and development practitioners, as well as attractive for use in university courses.
Colin H. Scott is an associate professor in the Department of Anthropology, McGill University.
Foreword and Acknowledgments 1 Introduction: On Autonomy and Development / Colin H. Scott 2 Healing the Past, Meeting the Future / Peter Penashue Part One: (Re)defining Territory 3 Shaping Modern Inuit Territorial Perception and Identity in the Quebec-Labrador Peninsula / Ludger Muller-Wille 4 Writing Legal Histories on Nunavik / Susan G. Drummond 5 The Landscape of Nunavik/The Territory of Nouveau-Quebec / Peter Jacobs 6 Aboriginal Rights and Interests in Canadian Northern Seas / Monica E. Mulrennan and Colin H. Scott 7 Territories, Identity, and Modernity among the Atikamekw (Haut St-Maurice, Quebec) / Sylvie Poirier Part Two: Resource Management and Development Conflicts 8 Voices from a Disappearing Forest: Government, Corporate, and Cree Participatory Forestry Management Practices / Harvey Feit and Robert Beaulieu 9 Conflicts between Cree Hunting and Sport Hunting: Co-Management Decision-Making at James Bay / Colin H. Scott and Jeremy Webber 10 Becoming a Mercury Dealer: Moral Implications and the Construction of Objective Knowledge for the James Bay Cree / Richard T. Scott 11 Media Contestation of the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement: The Social Construction of the Cree Problem / Donna Patrick and Peter Armitage 12 Low-level Military Flight Training in Quebec-Labrador: The Anatomy of a Northern Development Conflict / Mary Barker 13 The Land Claims Negotiations of the Montagnais or Innu of the Province of Quebec and the Management of Natural Resources / Paul Charest Part Three: Community, Identity, and Governance 14 Community Dispersement and Organization: The Case of Ouje-bougoumou / Abel Bosum 15 Gathering Knowledge: Reflections on the Anthropology of Identity, Aboriginality, and the Annual Gatherings in Whapmagoostui, Quebec / Naomi Adelson 16 Building a Community in the Town of Chisasibi / Sue Jacobs 17 Cultural Change in Mistissini: Implications for Self-Determination and Cultural Survival / Catherine James 18 The Decolonization of the Self and the Recolonization of Knowledge: The Politics of Nunavik Health Care / Josee G. Lavoie 19 Country Space as a Healing Place: Community Healing at Sheshatshiu / Cathrine Degnen 20 The Concept of Community and the Challenge for Self-Government / Hedda Schuurman 21 The Double Bind of Aboriginal Self-Government / Adrian Tanner 22 Afterword: Reflections on Strategy / Colin H. Scott Index