What role does social science research play in public policy
decisions on Aboriginal issues? How can policymakers, Aboriginal
organizations, and social scientists collaborate to best serve
Aboriginal communities and the policymaking processes that affect them?
Aboriginal Conditions considers such questions, with an aim to
promote policymaking that is firmly based on social scientific
Aimed at three main constituencies - Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal
social scientists, government and Aboriginal policymakers, and
Aboriginal communities - the book has multiple purposes. First, it
presents findings from recent research, with the goal of advancing
research agenda, and stimulating positive social development. Second,
it encourages greater links between the social scientific and external
research communities and demonstrates the kind of research needed as a
foundation for public policy. Finally, it acts as a guide to research
methods for Aboriginal communities and organizations, and promotes
cooperation between researchers and Aboriginal peoples in an effort to
ensure that research decisions serve both groups equally.
A vital addition to public policy and Native studies, Aboriginal
Conditions will be welcomed by social scientists, policymakers,
and academics working in these fields.
Jerry White is Chair of the Sociology Department at the University of Western Ontario. Paul Maxim is Associate Dean (Research) at the University of Western Ontario, and Dan Beavon is Director of the Strategic Research and Analysis Directorate, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada.
Tables and Figures Acknowledgments Introduction: The Focus of Aboriginal Conditions / Jerry P. White Part 1: Thinking Outside the Box: Building Models Based on Communities / Jerry P. White 1. Social Capital, Social Cohesion, and Population Outcomes in Canada's First Nations Communities / Jerry P. White and Paul S. Maxim Part 2: The Limits of Our Knowledge and the Need to Refine Understandings / Jerry P. White 2. Perils and Pitfalls of Aboriginal Demography: Lessons Learned from the RCAP Projections / Don Kerr, Eric Guimond, and Mary Jane Norris 3. Impacts of the 1985 Amendments to the Indian Act on First Nations Populations / Stewart Clatworthy 4. Changing Ethnicity: The Concept of Ethnic Drifters / Eric Guimond 5 . Aboriginal Mobility and Migration Patterns and the Policy Implications / Mary Jane Norris, Marty Cooke, and Stewart Clatworthy Part 3: Confronting Culture with Science: Language and Public Policy / Jerry P. White 6 . Aboriginal Language Retention and Socio-Economic Development: Theory and Practice / Erin O'Sullivan 7. Aboriginal Language Transmission and Maintenance in Families: Results of an Intergenerational and Gender-Based Analysis for Canada, 1996 / Mary Jane Norris and Karen MacCon Part 4: Measuring and Predicting Capacity and Development / Jerry P. White 8. An Application of the United Nations Human Development Index to Registered Indians in Canada, 1996 / Daniel Beavon and Martin Cooke 9. Dispersion and Polarization of Income among Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Canadians / Paul S. Maxim, Jerry P. White, and Dan Beavon 10. Toward an Index of Community Capacity: Predicting Community Potential for Successful Program Transfer / Paul S. Maxim and Jerry P. White Conclusion: The Research-Policy Nexus -- What Have We Learned? / Jerry P. White Notes on Contributors Index