What role does social science research play in public policydecisions on Aboriginal issues? How can policymakers, Aboriginalorganizations, and social scientists collaborate to best serveAboriginal communities and the policymaking processes that affect them?Aboriginal Conditions considers such questions, with an aim topromote policymaking that is firmly based on social scientificevidence.
Aimed at three main constituencies - Aboriginal and non-Aboriginalsocial scientists, government and Aboriginal policymakers, andAboriginal communities - the book has multiple purposes. First, itpresents findings from recent research, with the goal of advancingresearch agenda, and stimulating positive social development. Second,it encourages greater links between the social scientific and externalresearch communities and demonstrates the kind of research needed as afoundation for public policy. Finally, it acts as a guide to researchmethods for Aboriginal communities and organizations, and promotescooperation between researchers and Aboriginal peoples in an effort toensure that research decisions serve both groups equally.
A vital addition to public policy and Native studies, AboriginalConditions will be welcomed by social scientists, policymakers,and academics working in these fields.
Jerry White is Chair of the Sociology Department atthe University of Western Ontario. Paul Maxim is Associate Dean(Research) at the University of Western Ontario, and DanBeavon is Director of the Strategic Research and AnalysisDirectorate, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada.
Tables and Figures Acknowledgments Introduction: The Focus of Aboriginal Conditions / Jerry P.White Part 1: Thinking Outside the Box: Building Models Based onCommunities / Jerry P. White 1. Social Capital, Social Cohesion, and Population Outcomes inCanada's First Nations Communities / Jerry P. White and PaulS. Maxim Part 2: The Limits of Our Knowledge and the Need to RefineUnderstandings / Jerry P. White 2. Perils and Pitfalls of Aboriginal Demography: Lessons Learnedfrom the RCAP Projections / Don Kerr, Eric Guimond, and Mary JaneNorris 3. Impacts of the 1985 Amendments to the Indian Act on First NationsPopulations / Stewart Clatworthy 4. Changing Ethnicity: The Concept of Ethnic Drifters / EricGuimond 5 . Aboriginal Mobility and Migration Patterns and the PolicyImplications / Mary Jane Norris, Marty Cooke, and StewartClatworthy Part 3: Confronting Culture with Science: Language andPublic Policy / Jerry P. White 6 . Aboriginal Language Retention and Socio-Economic Development:Theory and Practice / Erin O'Sullivan 7. Aboriginal Language Transmission and Maintenance in Families:Results of an Intergenerational and Gender-Based Analysis for Canada,1996 / Mary Jane Norris and Karen MacCon Part 4: Measuring and Predicting Capacity and Development /Jerry P. White 8. An Application of the United Nations Human Development Index toRegistered Indians in Canada, 1996 / Daniel Beavon and MartinCooke 9. Dispersion and Polarization of Income among Aboriginal andNon-Aboriginal Canadians / Paul S. Maxim, Jerry P. White, and DanBeavon 10. Toward an Index of Community Capacity: Predicting CommunityPotential for Successful Program Transfer / Paul S. Maxim and JerryP. White Conclusion: The Research-Policy Nexus -- What Have We Learned? /Jerry P. White Notes on Contributors Index