This is a handy booklet for researchers/scholars writing abstracts. Today's research world demands a variety of different abstracts to serve different purposes. As a result, writing abstracts can be a difficult task for graduate and international students, researchers, and even practiced authors. "Abstracts and the Writing of Abstracts" is designed to demystify the construction of this essential writing form and to equip scholars to summarize their work in clear and compelling ways. This volume represents a revision and expansion of the material on writing abstracts that appeared in English in "Today's Research World". "The Abstracts" volume focuses on abstracts for research articles before addressing abstracts for short communications, conferences, and Ph.D. dissertations. It also covers keywords, titles, and author names. Wherever appropriate within the text, Language Focus sections discuss options and provide tips for meeting specific linguistic challenges posed by the writing of different types of abstracts.
John M. Swales is retired as Professor and Director of the English Language Institute at the University of Michigan. Christine B. Feak is an Instructor at the English Language Institute at the University of Michigan. They are the authors of Academic Writing for Graduate Students, 2nd ed.