Academic Research and Writing: Inquiry and Argument in College

Academic Research and Writing: Inquiry and Argument in College

By: Linda Bergmann (author), Ann Watters (author)Paperback

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This text shows that research is important beyond the classroom and is a necessary component in any career. Beginning with coverage of skills and techniques, this comprehensive text then moves into specific kinds of academic research tasks, showing the generic features and constraints of academic writing. The main issues necessary for understanding how to read and construct research projects are discussed, including plagiarism, copyright and patents, conventions used by different discourse communities, and how writers use sources in different ways.

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CHAPTER 1 Argument in Academic Writing: Some Essential Concepts Three Appeals in Argument: Ethos, Pathos, Logos Consensus and Controversy Paradigms and Warrants The Structure of an Academic Argument Focus Points Understanding Arguments Example 1.1 An Argument In Biological Ethics Example 1.2 An Argument In Sociology Example 1.3 An Argument In Educational Administration Example 1.4 An Argument In English Studies Visual Elements in Academic Arguments Argument and Persuasion Fallacies Focus Points Common Logical Fallacies Focus Points Emotional Fallacies Visual Fallacies Exercises CHAPTER 2 Reading, Evaluating, and Responding to Arguments Reading for Cues to Audience, Purpose, and Significance Cues to Audience: (Who Are "We"?) Cues to Purpose Cues to Significance Annotating Readings Focus Points Reading Arguments Reading for the Argument in a Sample Opinion Piece Evaluating Sources Arguments and Expertise: Peer Review Focus Points Evaluating Sources Evaluating the Relevance of Sources Evaluating Online Sources Focus Points Evaluating Materials on the Web Finding the Most Reliable, Relevant, and Useful Sources for Academic Research Additional Sources for Evaluating Materials Responding to (and in) Academic Writing Focus Points Shaping Your Responses Exercises CHAPTER 3 Using Academic Sources Responsibly: Understanding Plagiarism Plagiarism and Professional Ethics Faculty and Plagiarism Students and Plagiarism Some Reasons Students Plagiarize Avoiding Plagiarism Using Sources to Establish Trust and Community Broader Issues of Intellectual Property: Who Owns Ideas? Focus Points Original Ideas and Common Knowledge Plagiarism and Imitation Plagiarism and Copyright Plagiarism, Collaboration, and Trust Using Sources to Enter the Conversation in a Field Exercises CHAPTER 4 Moving from Inquiry to Argument Making Choices About Topics The Ethics of Recycling Your Own Writing Finding a Topic for Inquiry Step 1: Decide on an Area of Interest Step 2: List Preliminary Questions Step 3: Talk It Over Step 4: Browse and Skim Step 5: Choose Relevant Sources Taking Effective Notes Focus Points Taking Research Notes from Text Collecting Reference Information Example 4.1 Sample Preliminary Notes For Paper On Plagiarism Example 4.2 Sample Preliminary Notes For Paper On International Teaching Assistants Deciding on an Appropriate Level of Detail Real-Time Note-Taking Focus Points Real-Time Note-Taking Moving from Notes and Responses to Argument: Finding a Preliminary Thesis Example 4.3 Revised Thesis Question For A Paper On Plagiarism Example 4.4 Revised Thesis Question For A Paper On International Teaching Assistants Example 4.5 Preliminary Thesis For Paper On Plagiarism Example 4.6 Preliminary Thesis For Paper On International Teaching Assistants Using Your Notes and Responses: Moving from Thinking to Proposing Proposing Research Drafting a Research Project Proposal Focus Points Proposal Questions Focus Points Drafting an Effective Project Proposal Example 4.7 Sample Proposal For An Inquiry About Plagiarism Example 4.8 Sample Proposal For An Inquiry About International Teaching Assistants Revising a Proposal Focus Points Self-Evaluation for Revising the Proposal Exercises CHAPTER 5 Using the Library and Its Databases Effectively Learning to Navigate the Library Research Tools on the Library Site Focus Points Effective Searching Practices Search Engines and Databases Popular Sources Online Web Sites and Blogs Unreliable Web Sites Resources for Researchers on the Web Indexes and Databases Starting Online Library Research Searching by Author Searching by Key Words Focus Points Searching by Key Words Keeping Track of Sources Constructing a Working Bibliography MLA and APA Styles Formatting References Example 5.1 A Working Bibliography In Mla Style For A Paper On Plagiarism Exercises CHAPTER 6 Using Sources Effectively Skills for Academic Inquiry: Quotation, Paraphrase, Summary, and Synthesis Quoting Focus Points Using Quotations Focus Points Punctuating Quotations Authors' Names Short Quotations Long Quotations Punctuating Introductions to Quotations Quotes within Quotes Sentence-Ending Punctuation Paraphrasing Effectively Summarizing Appropriately Focus Points Effective Summarizing A Simple Format for Learning to Summarize Example 6.1 Building The Summary Example 6.2 A More Detailed Summary How Purpose Affects Summary Writing an Annotated Bibliography Focus Points Strategies for Writing an Annotated Bibliography Example 6.3 Sample Annotated Bibliography For A Paper On Plagiarism Moving from Summary to Synthesis: Establishing Relationships Focus Points Sample Topic Sentences for Syntheses Example 6.4 Synthesizing Warrants Reviewing the Literature Focus Points Working with the Literature Writing a Literature Review Focus Points Writing a Literature Review Focus Points Revising a Literature Review Reviewing the History of Knowledge within a Field Focus Points Synthesizing the History of a Field Distinguishing Voices Maintaining a Point of View Exercises CHAPTER 7 Revising and Editing to Meet Audience Expectations Focus Points Revising for Coherence Making Effective Transitions Focus Points Revising to Improve Transitions Example 7.1 Building Coherence With Transitions Setting Priorities for Editing Editing For Clarity Focus Points Editing for Wordiness and Choppiness Editing for Correctness Focus Points Five Common Sentence Errors Final Editing: Sentences, Sources, and Proofreading Focus Points Final Editing Strategies Proofreading Focus Points Effective Proofreading Disciplinary Conventions and Document Design Focus Points Determining Discipline-Specific Conventions Example 7.2 Making Professional Decisions About Document Design Exercises CHAPTER 8 Adapting Writing for Professional Audiences Example 8.1 Conventions Discovered Professional Knowledge and Professional Voice Adapting Language to the Audience and Occasion Audience, Performance, and Writing Violating Conventions Example 8.2 Conventions At Work In "'Indians': Textualism, Morality, And The Problem Of History" Developing Your Professional Voice Focus Points Finding Cues to Professional Voice in Various Fields Example 8.3 Conventions And Argument In Science And Social Science Writing Directly Stating the Significance of an Inquiry Exercises CHAPTER 9 Writing a Personal Research Narrative Planning a Longer Paper Initial Planning Focus Points Reviewing and Organizing Information The Personal Research ("I-Search") Paper Writing an Effective I-Search Paper Focus Points Keeping Sources Under Control Example 9.1 The I-Search Paper (Plagiarism Inquiry) Focus Points Rethinking and Revising the Personal Research Paper Focus Points Peer Evaluation of the Personal Research Paper Focus Points Editing Citations and References Exercises CHAPTER 10 Writing an Argumentative Research Paper Reassessing the Thesis Example 10.1 From Working Thesis To Final Thesis Planning the Paper Constructing an Outline Example 10.2 Topic Outline Example 10.3 Sentence Outline Informal Paper Planning Focus Points Creating an Informal Paper Plan Example 10.4 Informal Paper Plan Reviewing the Outline or Plan Focus Points Peer Evaluation of the Plan Moving from Planning to Drafting Focus Points Strategies for Drafting Example 10.5 Drafting Into An Outline Example 10.6 Early Draft Of An Argumentative Research Paper (With Instructor's Comments) Focus Points Strategies for Reviewing the Argument Focus Points Questions for Peer Review Example 10.7 Final Draft Of The Argumentative Research Paper Exercises A Quick Guide to Documentation Modern Language Association (MLA) Style Formatting Parenthetical Citations Creating the Works Cited List For More Information American Psychological Association (APA) Style Formatting Assembling Information Parenthetical Citations Creating the References Page Citing Electronic Sources For More Information Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) Notes and Bibliography Manuscript Style Formatting Readings NEWS STORIES Motoko Rich, "Digital Publishing Is Scrambling the Industry's Rules" Katharine Q. Seelye, "Rewriting History: Snared in the Web of a Wikipedia Liar" OPINION PIECES (OP-EDS) David Brooks, "Virtues and Victims" Daniel C. Dennett, "Show Me the Science" Charles McGrath, "Outsourcing Homework: At $9.95 a Page, You Expected Poetry?" Tom Moore, "Classroom Distinctions" Lisa Randall, "Dangling Particles" Robert Rivard, "What Every Student Knows: Thou Shall Not Copy" Ed Tenner, "Rise of the Plagiosphere" RESEARCHED ARGUMENTS Rebecca Moore Howard, "Forget about Policing Plagiarism. Just Teach." Alfie Kohn, "The Dangerous Myth of Grade Inflation" Robert Macfarlane, "The Burning Question" Henry Petroski, "Sometimes Design Must Fail to Succeed" MAGAZINE STORIES (PERSONAL REVELATIONS) Doris Kearns Goodwin, "A Historian Explains Why Someone Else's Writing Wound Up in Her Book" Patricia J. Williams, "The 600 Faces of Eve" Abigail Witherspoon, "This Pen for Hire: Grinding Out Papers for College Students" ACADEMIC RESEARCH Mike Rose, Excerpt from Possible Lives: The Promise of Public Education in America Jane Tompkins, "'Indians': Textualism, Morality, and the Problem of History" Edward Tufte, Excerpt from "Graphical Integrity," The Visual Display of Quantitative Information APPENDIX A Fundamentals of Oral Presentations Purpose Audience Transitional Cues in Oral Presentations Performance Panel Presentations Question and Answer Periods Using Visuals in Oral Presentations Designing Visuals for Oral Presentations Focus Points Planning Visuals Slides Focus Points Layout of Slides Focus Points Fonts and Color Focus Points Charts and Graphs Handouts Focus Points Using Handouts APPENDIX B Fundamentals of Visual Design Making Research Visible Focus Points When to Use Visuals Graphs, Charts, and Tables Choosing the Right Type of Visual Element Focus Points Incorporating Visuals The Ethics of Visual Design Intellectual Property and Visuals from the Web Resources and Links Presentation Design Resources Creating Effective Slide Presentations Visual and Print Design Resources APPENDIX C Databases General Databases (Including News) Arts and Humanities (Including History) Business, Management, and Economics Health and Medicine Science, Technology, and Engineering Social Sciences (Including Communication and Education) Notes Bibliography Credits Index

Product Details

  • publication date: 20/11/2009
  • ISBN13: 9780321091840
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 368
  • ID: 9780321091840
  • weight: 544
  • ISBN10: 0321091841

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