One of the biggest challenges of the new millennium is to provide access to basic education for the approximately 840 million adults in the world who cannot read or write and to ensure that all the world's children get some form of primary education. It is increasingly accepted that non-formal education has an important role to play in achieving this. Non-formal education, because of its diversity and flexibility, can make a special contribution to the quality of provision of education, not just by making it available, but also accessible, acceptable and adaptable. This book reproduces papers presented at the 2003 symposium of the Association for the Development of Education in Africa's Working Group on Non-Formal Education, with an overview summarising its discussions and findings. It makes the case for the complementarity of non-formal and formal provision and the need to mainstream non-formal education into the education system as a whole. The first part looks at theoretical issues and presents the findings of research on indicators that can be used to measure the effectiveness of the right to education.
It places the discussion in a historical context and looks at current policies on the roles of non-formal and formal education in realising the vision of the seminal 1990 Jomtien Declaration on Education for All. The second part contains case studies from seven African countries showing the diversity and potential of non-formal education initiatives. This book is of interest to everyone concerned with expanding the provision of quality basic education in Africa and throughout the countries of the South.
Foreword Acronyms 1. The Symposium: An Overview by Amina Osman Non-Formal Education: The Issues 2. Measuring a Cultural Right: The Effectiveness of the Right to Education by Jean-Jacques Friboulet 3. Observing and Collecting 'Social Intelligence' by Patrice Meyer-Bisch 4. Diversifying Basic Education for All: Can Non-Formal Education Make a Difference? by Wim Hoppers 5. ABLE Policies in an International Perspective by Agneta Lind Country Studies 6. Educators for a Basic Education Programme: The Gambian Experience by Babucarr Alieu Suwareh 7. Factors Contributing to the Success or Failure of Non-Formal Education Initiatives in Kenya by Magdallen N. Juma 8. Namibia: Towards Education for All by Frances J. Mensah 9. Managing Diversity in an Integrated System of Educational Provision: Nomadic Education in Nigeria by Gidado Tahir and Nafisatu D. Muhammad 10. Adult Education and Women's Literacy in Senegal by Binta Rassouloula Aw Sall 11. Moving Beyond the Classroom: Expanding Learning Opportunities for Marginalised Populations in Tanzania and Ethiopia by Eustella Peter Bhalalusesa