Explores the Science and Practice Of Acoustics for Arts Centers
Employing the experiences of a world-renowned acoustician celebrated for the successful design of multi-use performing arts centers, Acoustics of Multi-Use Performing Arts Centers examines the complexities of this venue and discusses the challenges and solutions that arise in the concept, design, construction and commissioning phases.
This book addresses the various programming needs of a multi-use performing arts center (needs that can range from symphony, opera and ballet to highly-amplified concerts and Broadway productions) and provides instruction from the planning of the initial concept to the final tuning stages.
While assuming a basic understanding of the principals of sound, construction and performance, the author includes architectural drawings drawn to scale and presents case studies with in-depth discussion of undocumented halls. He also provides a full chapter on tuning multi-use halls and offers an inside look at design options for adjustable acoustics that include stage, pit and hall design.
In addition, the book:
Covers the fundamentals of acoustics as it relates to initial stages of multi-use hall design
Explores the concepts of acoustics in terms of new and renovated spaces
Defines the basic components of the building structure
Examines floors, walls, ceilings, shells, and finishes and how they can be designed to achieve acoustic excellence
Discusses how to use and tune adjustable acoustic systems in a multi-use hall in order to achieve acoustic excellence
Designed as a step-by-step guide to achieving outstanding acoustics in multi-use performance spaces, Acoustics of Multi-Use Performing Arts Centers serves students, architects, engineers, designers and acousticians.
Mark Holden earned a bachelor of science degree in electrical engineering at Duke University in 1978. During his time there, he participated in an acoustic study of Duke's student union as part of a physics course. This experience came full circle when he worked on the renovation of Duke's Baldwin Hall (explored as a case study within this text). He has lectured at Harvard's School of Design, Duke's Pratt School of Engineering, is a member of the National Council of Acoustical Consultants, the United States Institute of Theater Technology (USITT), and an elected fellow of the Acoustical Society of America.
BUILDING BLOCKS Making the Case for a Multi-Use Hall Introduction Short History The Need for Multi-Use Halls Shortfalls Success Stories The Building Block of Reverberation Introduction Defining the Programming Requirements for Excellent Acoustics Introduction Reverberation Time Reflections Clarity or C Spaciousness Envelopment Bass Ratio Diffusion Loudness (G) Stage Sound Noise and Vibration Creating the Acoustic Program Introduction Programming Phase Advocate for Musicians Programming the Stage Orchestra Pit Balconies HVAC and Sound Isolation Site Noise and Vibration Establishing Noise Isolation Criteria Programming Background Noise Levels Preparing the Guide CREATING THE BUILDING Translating Program into Bricks and Mortar Introduction Acoustic Design in Preschematic Phase Myths and New Halls: Schematic Design through Construction Documents Introduction Acoustic Design Myths Myths and Renovations: Transforming Existing Buildings into Multi-Use Halls Introduction Transportation Noise and Vibration on Site Predesign Project Site Inspection Renovation Do's and Don'ts Myths and Misconceptions Running the Acoustic Model Introduction Volume Criteria RT Calculations Myths and Misconceptions ARCHITECTURAL DETAILS Orchestra Pit Introduction Early Pits Modern Pits Pit Dimensions Acoustic Treatments Pit Rail Pit Floor Pit Ventilation The Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts as Benchmark Myths and Misconceptions Acoustic Design of the Stage Introduction The Importance of Stage Acoustics Myths and Misconceptions Orchestra Seating, Balconies, Boxes, and Parterres Introduction Volume Proportions and Dimensions Hall Configuration Myths and Misconceptions Wall Shaping Introduction How Wide Should Halls Be? Throat Walls Side Walls Rear Wall Wood Walls Drywall Walls Masonry Walls Concrete Walls Myths and Misconceptions Ceiling Designs Introduction Acoustic Strategy Ceiling Approaches Myths and Misconceptions Seats and Finishes Introduction Seating Floor Materials Sound-Transparent Materials Myths and Misconceptions MEASURING RESULTS Making It Multi-Use Introduction Manipulating Volume Manipulating Absorption Location Absorption Systems Banner Fabric Motors and Control Systems Myths and Misconceptions Electronic Architecture Systems Introduction Technologically Sound Early Use EA System Components Using EA Systems Today Myths and Misconceptions Tuning the Hall Introduction Collaborative Process Preparing for the Tuning What to Do Rehearsal Mode versus Performance Mode Introducing Musicians Tuning with a Piano Mark Holden Journal Entry-November 9, 2011 CASE STUDIES Glossary Appendices