Most research methods are too impractical and painstaking for educators. Teachers and administrators at all levels-elementary, secondary, and university-need a simple, yet powerful book on conducting action research as a viable method for making educational improvements. This user-friendly book covers the principles and history of action research, ethical and legal considerations, how to conduct both formal and informal action research, data collection methods, data analysis and interpretation, planning and initiating action, and evaluating the results of action. Illustrations are included in each chapter. Features: * A procedure model for using action research in the school environment. * A model of action research with examples. * A comprehensive description of how action research varies from the use of qualitative and quantitative research methodology. * Examples of benchmarking techniques that can aid an educator in using action research. * Examples of how to conduct literature reviews. * A detailed explanation of collecting data and analyzing this data in a practical manner. * Practical tips and strategies to analyze data using basic statistical methods.
* Samples of teacher action research projects and references. * How to construct graphs using Microsoft Excel. * Methods of evaluating action research. * Explanation of how to conduct a formal action research proposal. * Strategies in conducting interviews and surveys. Designed for elementary and secondary teachers and administrators as a practical guide, and for university professors as a required textbook or supplemental book.
Daniel R. Tomal is professor and acting chair of the Department of Educational Leadership at Concordia University teaching educational leadership and research as well as a consultant and author of six books such as Discipline by Negotiation, and has made guest appearances on many national radio and television shows.
Part 1 Preface Part 2 Acknowledgments Part 3 Chapter 1: The Nature of Educational Research Chapter 4 Principles of Research Chapter 5 Quantitative Versus Qualitative Research Chapter 6 Action Research Principles Part 7 Chapter 2: Action Research Chapter 8 History of Action Research Chapter 9 Action Research Model Chapter 10 Statement of the Problem (Initial Diagnosis) Chapter 11 Developing an Action Research Proposal Chapter 12 Benchmarking Chapter 13 Ethical and Legal Considerations Part 14 Chapter 3: Data Collection Methods Chapter 15 The Nature of Data Collection Chapter 16 Observing Chapter 17 Interviewing Chapter 18 Surveying Chapter 19 Assessing Chapter 20 Processing Part 21 Chapter 4: Data Analysis and Interpretation Chapter 22 Threats to Validity Chapter 23 Using Descriptive Statistics Chapter 24 Using Graphs and Diagrams Chapter 25 Writing Narrative Reports Part 26 Chapter 5: Solving Problems and Taking Action Chapter 27 Barriers to Problem Solving Chapter 28 Steps in Solving Problems Chapter 29 Managing Change Chapter 30 Planning and Initiating Action Part 31 Chapter 6: Evaluating Action Research Chapter 32 Areas for Evaluation Chapter 33 Methods for Evaluating Results Part 34 Chapter 7: Conducting Action Research Chapter 35 Sample Research Study Chapter 36 Collaborative Process Intervention: An Action Research Study Part 37 Appendix A: Ethical Standards of the American Educational Research Association Part 38 Appendix B: Seventy-Five Ideas for Conducting Action Research Part 39 Bibliography Part 40 Index Part 41 About the Author