Many NGOs are mobilizing transnationally in order to form new social networks that enable them to better interact with nation-state policies on migrant and refugee inclusion. This book empirically investigates the rich varieties of cooperative cross-border activity, and compares how the same groups behave at both the national and transnational levels. It uses an original survey - the Survey of European Migrant Inclusion NGOs - to document four types of cooperative political tactics used by NGOs cross the European Union: information-sharing, technical expertise-sharing, resource-sharing, and coordination of common projects. It also looks across the current EU member states to analyze how differences in the national policy context specific to migrants' issues facilitate and constrain these varied forms of transnational cooperation. In doing so, the book argues that to understand the overall prevalence of transnational mobilization and the extent to which it represents the emergence of a global civil society, we need to expand the focus of social movement studies beyond just visible, public displays of contentious activity.
Melissa Schnyder is Associate Professor of International Relations at American Public University System. She has published articles in Social Movement Studies and Interface.
List of Tables / List of Abbreviations / Acknowledgements / 1. The Nation-State and NGO Political Activity / 2. Domestic Opportunities and Constraints / 3. Cooperation along Two Dimensions: Public Visibility and Intensity of Commitment / 4. Asymmetries within the Movement: The Provision and Receipt of Less Publicly Visible Movement "Goods" / 5. Cooperation within the State: Publicly Visible Campaigns and Common Projects / 6. Cooperation beyond the State: Transnational Activism in the Public Realm / 7. Political Opportunity Structures and NGO Activism: Toward a More Complete Understanding / Data Appendix / Notes / References / Index