Actualization: Linguistic Change in Progress - Papers from a Workshop Held at the 14th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Vancouver,
By: Henning Andersen (editor)Hardback
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This collection of papers consolidates the observation that linguistic change typically is actualized step by step: any structural innovation being introduced, accepted, and generalized, over time, in one grammatical environment after another, in a progression that can be understood by reference to the markedness values and the ranking of the conditioning features. The Introduction to the volume and a chapter by Henning Andersen clarify the theoretical bases for this observation, which is exemplified and discussed in separate chapters by Kristin Bakken, Alexander Bergs and Dieter Stein, Vit Bubenik, Ulrich Busse, Marianne Mithun, Lene Schosler, and John Charles Smith in the light of data from the histories of Norwegian, English, Hindi, Northern Iroquoian, and Romance. A final chapter by Michael Shapiro adds a philosophical perspective. The papers were first presented in a workshop on "Actualization Patterns in Linguistic Change" at the XIV International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Vancouver, B.C. in 1999.
1. Introduction (by Andersen, Henning); 2. Position paper: Markedness and the theory of change (by Andersen, Henning); 3. Patterns of restitution of sound change (by Bakken, Kristin); 4. The role of markedness in the actuation and actualization of linguistic change (by Bergs, Alexander); 5. On the actualization of the passive-to-ergative shift in Pre-Islamic India (by Bubenik, Vit); 6. The use of address pronouns in Early Modern English (by Busse, Ulrich); 7. Actualization patterns in grammaticalization: From clause to locative morphology in Northern Iroquoian (by Mithun, Marianne); 8. From Latin to Modern French: Actualization and markedness (by Schosler, Lene); 9. Markedness, causation, and linguistic change: A semiotic perspective (by Shapiro, Michael); 10. Markedness, functionality, and perseveration in the actualization of a morphosyntactic change (by Smith, John Charles); 11. Actualization and the (uni)directionality of change (by Andersen, Henning); 12. General Index
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