Virtually every nation has a role in preventing international terrorism, and many have both expertise and experience to offer. This concise report concludes that the effectiveness of international counterterrorism cooperation diminishes in the face of differing national and regional perceptions of the threat and the most effective methods to address it. The authors explore those differences and a range of approaches from the perspectives of Europe, Pacific Asia, and North America. What emerges are different emphases and preferences for solutions, but a clear appreciation of the urgency for transnational cooperation. This report looks at the need to develop common definitions, reconcile differing threat assessments, compare and integrate policies, seek common interests, develop effective international institutions, protect civil liberties, involve the private sector, and discourage unilateralist solutions. The authors agree upon a series of recommendations for action, and in doing so demonstrate the effectiveness that shared antiterrorism efforts can provide.
Joseph S. Nye Jr. is dean of the Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government and a former U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs, USA. Yukio Satoh is president of the Japan Institute of International Affairs and a former ambassador of Japan to the United Nations. Paul Wilkinson is professor of International Relations and former chairman of the Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence at St. Andrews University, U.K.