Adolescence

Adolescence

By: Robert S. Feldman (author)Paperback

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Description

This book captures the physical, cognitive, social, and personal development of individuals from childhood through adulthood while continuously placing theory and research in the context of how they can be applied to readers' lives. Designed to capture the physical, cognitive, social, and personality development as individuals move from childhood into adulthood, Adolescence 1e provides an accurate, broad, and comprehensive introduction to the field of adolescent development. More importantly, however, it places these theories and research findings in the context of how they can be applied to readers' lives. The book is intended to excite readers about the field of adolescence, draw them into its way of looking at the world, and to shape their understanding of the significant developmental issues that characterize this period. By presenting the useful, practical information that will help readers make life decisions about relationships, education, and careers-the very stuff of adolescence-the book is intended to keep enthusiasm about the discipline alive long after students' formal introduction to the field has ended. To order MyDevelopmentKit along with Feldman, Adolescence, 1e, please use package ISBN: 9780205801497. 0205801498 / 9780205801497 ADOLESCENCE & MYVIRTUALTEEN SAC Package consists of: 0131750615 / 9780131750616 0205800831 / 9780205800834 MyVirtualTeen Student Access Code Card

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About Author

Robert S. Feldman is Professor of Psychology and Associate Dean of the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Feldman, who is winner of the College Distinguished Teacher award, has also taught courses at Mount Holyoke College, Wesleyan University, and Virginia Commonwealth University. Feldman initiated the Minority Mentoring Program at University of Massachusetts and teaches classes ranging in size from 10 to nearly 500 students. He also has served as a Hewlett Teaching Fellow and Senior Online Teaching Fellow, and he frequently gives talks on the use of technology in teaching. He initiated distance learning courses in psychology at the University of Massachusetts. A Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the American Psychological Society, he received a B.A. with High Honors from Wesleyan University and an M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is a winner of a Fulbright Senior Research Scholar and Lecturer award, and has written more than 100 books, book chapters, and scientific articles. His books include Development of Nonverbal Behavior in Children,Child Development, Development Across the Life Span, Understanding Psychology, and P.O.W.E.R. Learning: Strategies for Success in College and Life, and they have been translated into a number of languages, including Spanish, French, Portuguese, Dutch, Chinese, and Japanese. His research interests include honesty and deception and the use of nonverbal behavior in impression management, and it has been supported by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Institute on Disabilities and Rehabilitation Research. Feldman's spare time is most often devoted to traveling, cooking, and earnest, if not entirely expert, piano playing. He has three children and one grandchild, and he lives with his wife Katherine, who is also a psychologist, overlooking the Holyoke mountain range in Amherst, Massachusetts.

Contents

Brief Table of Contents Part I. Introduction Chapter 1. Introduction to Adolescence Part II. Key Developmental Transitions Chapter 2. Physical Development Chapter 3. Cognitive Development Chapter 4. Social Development: Adolescent Roles, Personality and Morality Chapter 5. Self and Identity Part III. Relationships Chapter 6. Adolescents and Their Families Chapter 7. Peers Chapter 8. Intimacy Chapter 9. Adolescent Sexuality Part IV. Society Chapter 10. Schooling, Education, and Society Chapter 11. Work and Leisure Chapter 12. Culture and Diversity Part V. Challenges of Adolescence Chapter 13. Adolescent Problems Chapter 14. Stress, Coping, and Well-Being Detailed Table of Contents Chapter 1 Introduction to Adolescence Prologue: Adolescent Quartet Looking Ahead Defining Adolescence: The Scope of the Field Topical areas of adolescence The link between age and topics Adolescent Diversity How Culture, Ethnicity, and Race Influence Adolescent Development Adolescents today Review and Apply The Study of Adolescence: Past, Present, and Future The roots of the study of adolescence Adolescent science emerges in the 20th century The scientific method and the study of adolescence Measuring change during adolescence Today's perspectives on adolescence Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Evaluating the Truths-and Myths-of Adolescence Review and Apply Key Questions: Major Themes of the Study of Adolescence What are the key transitions and tasks of adolescence? Transitions From Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood What are the effects of cohort membership on adolescents? How does developmental change occur during adolescence? What is the relative influence of nature and nurture on development? How can sound social policy be developed that can improve the lives of adolescents? Career Choices Public Policy Specialist The future of adolescence Review and Apply Looking Back Epilogue Chapter 2 Physical Development Prologue: The Cruelest Cut Looking Ahead Beginnings: The Start of Puberty The endocrine system: Chemical couriers The HPG feedback system Hormones and emotions Adrenarche and gonadarche: Prelude and start of puberty The nervous system and brain development Neurons: The building blocks of the nervous system and brain Transitions: The Immature Brain Argument: Too Young for the Death Penalty? Brain lateralization Adolescent Diversity Are gender and culture related to the brain's structure? Culture and brain lateralization Implications of adolescent brain development Review and Apply The Body Changes: The Physical Transformations of Puberty Growth during adolescence: The rapid pace of physical and sexual maturation Coming of age: Sexual maturation Sexual maturation in females Sexual maturation in males Body image: Reactions to the physical changes of puberty The timing of puberty: The consequences of early and late maturation Early maturation Late maturation Review and Apply Health and Wellness Nutrition and food: Fueling the growth of adolescence Obesity Exercise and sports Career Choices: Physical Education Teacher Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science: Reducing Obesity Anorexia nervosa and bulimia Tired teens: The struggle to get enough sleep Improving adolescent health School-based health centers Socioeconomic factors and adolescent health care Review and Apply Looking Back Epilogue Chapter 3 Cognitive Development Prologue: Satellite Vision Looking Ahead Intellectual Development Piagetian approaches to cognitive development Using formal operations to solve problems Why are there inconsistencies in the use of formal operations? The consequences of adolescents' use of formal operations Evaluating Piaget's approach Information-processing perspectives: Gradual transformations in abilities Encoding, storage, and retrieval: The foundations of information processing Automatization Improvements in information-processing during adolescence Information-Processing Theories in Perspective Vygotsky's view of cognitive development: Taking culture into account The zone of proximal development and scaffolding: Foundations of cognitive development Vygotsky and educational practices Adolescent Diversity How Culture Influences How We Learn Evaluating Vygotsky's contributions Review and Apply Intelligence: Determining Individual Strengths Intelligence benchmarks: Differentiating the intelligent from the unintelligent Binet's test Measuring IQ: Present-day approaches to intelligence What IQ tests don't tell: Alternative conceptions of intelligence Sternberg's triarchic theory of intelligence Practical and emotional intelligence Transitions Too Smart to Get the Job You Want? Group differences in IQ Explaining racial differences in IQ The Bell Curve controversy Achievement and aptitude tests Career Choices Review and Apply Social Cognition: Thinking in a Social Context Egocentrism in thinking: Adolescents' self-absorption Risk-taking Creativity: Novel thought Decision-making during adolescence Thinking critically Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science: Techniques for Effective Problem Solving Review and Apply Looking Back Epilogue Chapter 4 Social Development: Adolescent Roles, Personality, and Morality Prologue: Help is on the Way Looking Ahead The Social Transitions of Adolescence The social construction of adolescence: Inventing a phase of life Views of adolescence Adolescent Diversity The rituals of adolescence: Celebrating the social redefinition of children Contemporary rites of passage The social roles of adolescence Key roles Review and Apply Personality Development Psychodynamic approaches to personality Evaluating psychoanalytic explanations of personality Trait approaches to personality The Big Five personality traits: Mapping personality The stability of personality in adolescence and beyond Temperament: Stability in arousal and emotionality Personality and the interaction of genetics and the environment Adolescent personality in perspective Review and Apply Moral development in adolescence: Treating others fairly Piaget's approach to moral development Evaluating Piaget's approach to moral development Moral reasoning: Kohlberg's approach Gilligan's account of moral development in girls Career Choices Social learning perspectives on morality: Focusing on behavior Moral behavior and moral reasoning: Why the disconnect? Prosocial reasoning and prosocial behavior: The other side of the coin Empathy and moral behavior Gender and cultural differences in prosocial behavior Volunteerism: Sustained helping Transitions Mandatory Volunteerism: A Contradiction in Terms? Honesty and lies in everyday life: Is the truth dead? Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science: Increasing Prosocial Behavior Review and Apply Looking Back Epilogue Chapter 5 Self and Identity Prologue Looking Ahead Identity: Asking "Who Am I?" Self-concept: What am I like? Social comparison: Making judgments of oneself Identity formation: Change or crisis? Marcia's approach to identity development: Updating Erikson Identity, race, and ethnicity The self in a cultural context: Squeaky wheel or pounded nail? Self-Esteem: Evaluating the Self Self-esteem: Rating the self The consequences of self-esteem Transitions The Downside of High Self-Esteem Changes in self-esteem during adolescence Contingent self-worth: The costs of the pursuit of self-esteem Strategies for raising self-esteem: Where feeling good is not the goal Career Choices Recreational Program Worker The benefits of illusions: Is it better to be wrong than right? Emotional Development The nature and functions of emotions The instability of emotions in adolescence Emotional self-regulation Adolescent Diversity Cultural differences in displays of emotion Developing emotional competence Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Promoting Emotional Competence Looking Back Epilogue Chapter 6 Adolescents and Their Families Prologue Looking Ahead Conflict, Autonomy, and Attachment: Negotiating Family Life The generation gap: Myth or reality? The nature of conflict The quest for autonomy: The reasons behind conflict Attachment: Maintaining connectedness Autonomy and attachment: Finding the balance Review and Apply Parenting: Raising Adolescents in the 21st Century Parenting styles Reciprocal socialization: The two-way street of parent-adolescent influence Cultural differences in child-rearing practices Adolescent Diversity Transcultural Adoptions Parental development: Middle adulthood meets adolescence Who parents?: The differing roles of mothers and fathers Review and Apply Adolescents and the Diversity of Their Families Single-parent families Divorce Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Coping with Divorce Multigenerational families Blended families: Living with stepparents and stepsiblings Families with gay and lesbian parents Race, ethnicity, and family life Transitions Through Adolescence Adolescents as Culture Brokers for their Families Siblings: Adolescents and their brothers and sisters Group and foster care: When families fail Career Choices Social Worker Poverty: The toll of being raised poor The bottom line: Families matter Review and Apply Looking Back Epilogue Chapter 7 Peers Prologue: Web of Friends Looking Ahead Connections with Peers Developmental changes in peer relationships Peers, age segregation, and age grading The sex cleavage: Gender and peers Adolescent Diversity Race Segregation: The Great Divide of Adolescence Do peers matter? The influence of peers on development Transitions How Adolescents Influence Their Friends to Be Helpful Review and Apply Peer Groups The characteristics of adolescent peer groups Adolescent cliques: Belonging to a group Crowds Formal groups and organizations Career Choices Community Group Director Online social networks: Cyberspace peers Review and Apply Popularity The roots of popularity The downside of popularity Unpopularity and rejection Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Developing Your Social Skills Review and Apply Looking Back Epilogue Chapter 8 Intimacy Prologue Looking Ahead Intimacy and Adolescents Sullivan's theory of interpersonal development Erikson's approach to intimacy Reconciling Erikson's and Sullivan's views Review and Apply Friends Adolescents' understanding of friendship: What's a friend? The role of friendship in adolescents' lives The benefits (and risks) of friendship Self-disclosure and adolescent friendships Becoming friends: The qualities that lead to friendship Conflict and friendships Loneliness: Alone in a social world Review and Apply Romance and Dating The functions of dating Adolescent Diversity Relationship intimacy in African American adolescents Developmental patterns in dating Dating in sexual minority youth Love: It's different from liking Transitions Fall in Love: How Do Adolescent Relationships Blossom? The end of romance: Breaking up is hard to do Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Coping With a Breakup Career Choices Family Counselor Long-term development and intimacy Review and Apply Looking Back Epilogue Chapter 9 Adolescent Sexuality Prologue Looking Ahead Becoming Sexual The biology of sex Masturbation Sex with a partner Sexual orientation: Heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality Adolescent Diversity Disclosing Same-Sex Attraction to Parents Sexually active adolescents: Who is having sex, and why? Contraceptive use Review and Apply Adolescent Pregnancy Who gets pregnant? Explaining the decline in adolescent pregnancy Transitions Safer Choices: Helping Adolescents to Avoid Unwanted Pregnancy Consequences of teenage pregnancy Abortion Adoption Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science How Adolescents Can Prevent Unwanted Pregnancy Review and Apply Sexual Issues and Difficulties Sexual disorders Sexually transmitted infection (STI): A risk of sexual activity Career Choices Sandra Caron, Sex Educator Sexual harassment Rape Review and Apply Looking Back Epilogue Chapter 10 Schooling, Education, and Society Prologue: Middle School Days Looking Ahead The Impact of Schools on Adolescents: The Structure of Education The transition from elementary school The middle school movement Research on the success of middle schools: A mixed picture Adolescent Diversity Multicultural Education Bilingual education Home schooling: An alternative to traditional schools Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Smoothing Adolescents' Transition to Middle School Review and Apply School Performance Socioeconomic status and school performance: Individual differences in achievement Ethnic and racial differences in school achievement The special problems of boys Transitions Achievement Testing: Will No Child Be Left Behind? Expectation effects: How teachers' expectancies influence their students Dropping out of school Educating adolescents with special needs Career Choices Special Education Teacher Review and Apply Beyond High School: The Pursuit of Higher Education Who goes to college? Gender in the classroom Overcoming gender and racial barriers to achievement Review and Apply Looking Back Key Terms and Concepts Epilogue Chapter 11 Work and Leisure Prologue Looking Ahead Time and Leisure Spending time Shifting attention: This is your brain on multitasking Cross-cultural differences in time use Media and technology use by adolescents Transitions Playing Video Games: Does Virtual Aggression Lead to Actual Aggression? Review and Apply Work: Students on the Job Work and education: The historical background The pros and cons of work Adolescent Diversity Cross-Cultural Adolescent Work Practices Job training for adolescents entering the workforce The elusive link between work and character Review and Apply Picking an Occupation: Choosing Life's Work Perspectives on career development Career Choices Career Counselor Career choices and socioeconomic status, gender, and race and ethnicity Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Choosing a Career Review and Apply Looking Back Epilogue Chapter 12 Culture and Diversity Prologue Looking Ahead Culture and Adolescence Adolescent culture Acculturation: When cultures collide Developing an ethnic identity Transitions When a School Transition Fosters Ethnic Identity Development Review and Apply The Diversity of Adolescence Immigration: Building diversity Racial and ethnic minority adolescents: Who are they? Poor adolescents: The impact of socioeconomic status and poverty on adolescents Review and Apply Prejudice and Discrimination Prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination: The foundations of hate The roots of prejudice Sexism: Prejudice and gender Adolescent Diversity Sexual Minority Adolescents and Sexual Prejudice Racism: Hatred in color Career Choices Diversity Counselor Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Taking a Stand Against Prejudice Review and Apply Looking Back Key Terms and Concepts Epilogue Chapter 13 Adolescent Problems Prologue Looking Ahead Categorizing Adolescent Difficulties Distinguishing problems from experimentation The origin of problems Review and Apply Externalizing Difficulties Juvenile delinquency School violence Substance use and abuse in adolescence Career Choices Substance Abuse Counselor Runaways and throwaways: Leaving home Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Quitting Smoking Before It Becomes a Lifelong Habit Review and Apply Internalizing Problems in Adolescence Adolescent depression Adolescent suicide Transitions Preventing Adolescent Suicide: Dealing with the Crisis in Campus Mental Health Adolescent abuse: Physical, sexual, and psychological Adolescent Diversity Are Gay and Lesbian Adolescents at Greater Risk of Committing Suicide? A final word Review and Apply Looking Back Epilogue Chapter 14 Stress, Coping, and Well-Being Prologue Looking Ahead Stress Stress: Reactions to threat and challenge Stressors: What's pleasure for you is stress for me Circumstances that produce the greatest stress Transitions Does the Stress of Being Bullied in High School Continue into College? The high costs of stress Review and Apply Coping with Stress Problem-focused and emotion-focused coping Social support: Leaning on others Defensive coping Opening up: Confronting one's demons Becoming an Informed Consumer of Adolescent Science Reaping the Benefits of Expressive Writing Hardiness Resilience Cognitive approaches to coping: Thinking stress away Helping adolescents deal with stress: Effective coping strategies Career Choices Stress Reduction Therapist The benefits of stress Review and Apply Well-Being and Happiness Making adolescents happy: The characteristics of happiness The course of happiness The components of happiness: Fulfillment of psychological needs Adolescent Diversity Cultural differences in well-being Review and Apply Looking Back Epilogue

Product Details

  • publication date: 28/11/2007
  • ISBN13: 9780131750616
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 560
  • ID: 9780131750616
  • weight: 1220
  • ISBN10: 0131750615

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  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
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