Adopted Territory: Transnational Korean Adoptees and the Politics of Belonging

Adopted Territory: Transnational Korean Adoptees and the Politics of Belonging

By: Eleana J. Kim (author)Hardback

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Since the end of the Korean War, an estimated 200,000 children from South Korea have been adopted into white families in North America, Europe, and Australia. While these transnational adoptions were initiated as an emergency measure to find homes for mixed-race children born in the aftermath of the war, the practice grew exponentially from the 1960s through the 1980s. At the height of South Korea's "economic miracle," adoption became an institutionalized way of dealing with poor and illegitimate children. Most of the adoptees were raised with little exposure to Koreans or other Korean adoptees, but as adults, through global flows of communication, media, and travel, they have come into increasing contact with each other, Korean culture, and the South Korean state. Since the 1990s, as Korean children have continued to leave to be adopted in the West, a growing number of adult adoptees have been returning to Korea to seek their cultural and biological origins. In this fascinating ethnography, Eleana J. Kim examines the history of Korean adoption, the emergence of a distinctive adoptee collective identity, and adoptee returns to Korea in relation to South Korean modernity and globalization. Kim draws on interviews with adult adoptees, social workers, NGO volunteers, adoptee activists, scholars, and journalists in the U.S., Europe, and South Korea, as well as on observations at international adoptee conferences, regional organization meetings, and government-sponsored motherland tours.

About Author

Eleana J. Kim is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Rochester.


Acknowledgments ix Notes on Transliteration, Terminology, and Pseudonyms xiii Abbreviations xvii Introduction: Understanding Transnational Korean Adoption 1 Part I 1. "Waifs" and "Orphans": The Origins of Korean Adoption 43 2. Adoptee Kinship 83 3. Adoptee Cultural Citizenship 101 4. Public Intimacies and Private Politics 133 Part II 5. Our Adoptee, Our Alien: Adoptees as Specters of Family and Foreignness in Global Korea 171 6. Made in Korea: Adopted Koreans and Native Koreans in the Motherland 211 7. Beyond Good and Evil: The Moral Economies of Children and Their Best Interests in a Global Age 249 Notes 269 Works Cited 291 Index 311

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780822346838
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 344
  • ID: 9780822346838
  • weight: 617
  • ISBN10: 0822346834

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