Today when the world is looking towards India as a human resource capital, the quality of such resource becomes a global concern. This book studies the relation between aberrant growth, adult diseases, and human capital, and recommends growth monitoring as a tool for human capital development. The growth in the first two years after birth is crucial-it contributes to better schooling, adult stature, income generation, and birth weight in the next generation. The book shows that recognition of aberrant growth and timely intervention can combat not only childhood morbidity but also adult diseases such as diabetes, obesity, and hypertension, which can affect the next generation.
The book refers to data from an ongoing cohort study, started in New Delhi in 1969, and finds that growth monitoring can have great intergenerational impact in India, where both childhood and adult morbidity are very high. Its contribution can be immense, given the impact on the future generation of Indians.
Foreword by K. Srinath Reddy Preface Acknowledgements Introduction Part 1 Background of the Study 1. Genesis 2. Launching of the Study 3. Demography Part 2 The Cohort 1. Pregnancy 2. Birth and Outcome of Cohort 3. Low Birth Weight 4. Child Survival, Health, and Disease Part 3 Growth, Cognitive Development, and Nutrition 1. Growth 2. Cognitive Development 3. Nutrition Part 4 Transition to Adult Phase 1. Assembling the Cohort 2. The Beginning of the Adult Period 3. Re-establishing the New Delhi Birth Cohort 4. Environments, Social and Cultural Changes Part 5 Childhood Growth, Adult Health Body Growth, Adult Health, and Disease Size at Birth, BMI, Body Composition, and Chronic Adult Diseases Body Growth and Human Capital Development Parental Influences on Adult Health Body Growth, Genetic Studies, and Adult Health Outcome Part 6 Intergenerational and Transgenerational Studies 1. The Intergenerational Change in F1 and F2 Generation 2. The Third Generation Part 7 Community Expectations and Challenges 1. Attrition or Loss to Follow up 2. Cohort Participation Part 8 Implications and Impact 1. Public Health and Policies 2. The NDBC Research 3. Childhood Growth, Adult Health, and Human 4. Intergeneration and Trans-generational 5. Challenges to Community Participation Part 9 Summation References Appendix Index