Advanced Content Delivery, Streaming, and Cloud Services (Wiley Series on Parallel and Distributed Computing)

Advanced Content Delivery, Streaming, and Cloud Services (Wiley Series on Parallel and Distributed Computing)

By: Mukaddim Pathan (editor), Ramesh Kumar Sitaraman (editor), Dom Robinson (editor)Hardback

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Description

While other books on the market provide limited coverage of advanced CDNs and streaming technologies, concentrating solely on the fundamentals, this book provides an up-to-date comprehensive coverage of the state-of-the-art advancements in CDNs, with a special focus on Cloud-based CDNs. The book includes CDN and media streaming basics, performance models, practical applications, and business analysis. It features industry case studies, CDN applications, and open research issues to aid practitioners and researchers, and a market analysis to provide a reference point for commercial entities. The book covers Adaptive Bitrate Streaming (ABR), Content Delivery Cloud (CDC), Web Acceleration, Front End Optimization (FEO), Transparent Caching, Next Generation CDNs, CDN Business Intelligence and more. Provides an in-depth look at Cloud-based CDNs Includes CDN and streaming media basics and tutorials Aimed to instruct systems architects, practitioners, product developers, and researchers Material is divided into introductory subjects, advanced content, and specialist areas

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About Author

Mukaddim Pathan, PhD, is a Senior Specialist of Content Delivery Networks at Telstra Corporation Limited, Australia. He contributed in the development of MetaCDN, a Cloud-based CDN. Ramesh K. Sitaraman, is a computer science professor at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA. He is best known for his role in pioneering the first large content delivery networks. He helped create Akamai's distributed network and is an Akamai Fellow. Dom Robinson is the co-Founder and Director of Innovations at ide3as-company, UK. TVConnect 2014 awarded him as one of the 100 most influential people worldwide in TV and Media.

Contents

Preface xv Acknowledgments xxi Contributors xxiii PART I CDN AND MEDIA STREAMING BASICS 1 1 CLOUD-BASED CONTENT DELIVERY AND STREAMING 3 Mukaddim Pathan 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 CDN Overview 5 1.3 Workings of a CDN 10 1.4 CDN Trends 21 1.5 Research Issues 28 1.6 Conclusion 29 References 29 2 LIVE STREAMING ECOSYSTEMS 33 Dom Robinson 2.1 Introduction 33 2.2 Live Streaming Pre-Evolution 34 2.3 Live, Linear, Nonlinear 35 2.4 Media Streaming 37 2.5 Related Network Models 38 2.6 Streaming Protocol Success 43 2.7 Platform Divergence and Codec Convergence 44 2.8 Adaptive Bitrate (ABR) Streaming 45 2.9 Internet Radio and HTTP 48 2.10 Conclusion 48 References 49 3 PRACTICAL SYSTEMS FOR LIVE STREAMING 51 Dom Robinson 3.1 Introduction 51 3.2 Common Concepts in Live Streaming 52 3.3 The Practicals 56 3.4 Conclusion 69 References 70 4 EFFICIENCY OF CACHING AND CONTENT DELIVERY IN BROADBAND ACCESS NETWORKS 71 Gerhard Haslinger 4.1 Introduction 71 4.2 Options and Properties for Web Caching 73 4.3 Zipf Laws for Requests to Popular Content 75 4.4 Efficiency and Performance Modeling for Caches 76 4.5 Effect of Replacement Strategies on Cache Hit Rates 78 4.6 Replacement Methods Based on Request Statistics 81 4.7 Global CDN and P2P Overlays for Content Delivery 84 4.8 Summary and Conclusion 86 Acknowledgments 87 References 87 5 ANYCAST REQUEST ROUTING FOR CONTENT DELIVERY NETWORKS 91 Hussein A. Alzoubi, Michael Rabinovich, Seungjoon Lee, Kobus Van Der Merwe, and Oliver Spatscheck 5.1 Introduction 91 5.2 CDN Request Routing: An Overview 93 5.3 A Practical Load-Aware IP Anycast CDN 96 5.4 Mapping Algorithms 98 5.5 Evaluation 102 5.6 IPv6 Anycast CDNs 107 5.7 Discussion and Open Questions 114 5.8 Conclusion 116 References 116 6 CLOUD-BASED CONTENT DELIVERY TO HOME ECOSYSTEMS 119 Tiago Cruz, Paulo Sim oes, and Edmundo Monteiro 6.1 Introduction 119 6.2 Bringing Cloud Services to Home: State of the Art 120 6.3 Virtualizing the Access Network Infrastructure 123 6.4 Virtualization for Cloud Service Delivery to Home 130 6.5 Future Trends 137 6.6 Summary and Conclusion 137 Acknowledgments 137 References 138 7 MOBILE VIDEO STREAMING 141 Ram Lakshmi Narayanan, Yinghua Ye, Anuj Kaul, and Mili Shah 7.1 Introduction 141 7.2 Mobile Broadband Architecture 142 7.3 Video Streaming Protocols 143 7.4 Video Optimization Services 146 7.5 Operator-Hosted CDN 149 7.6 Cloud-Based Video Streaming 151 7.7 Future Research Directions 154 Acknowledgments 156 References 156 PART II CDN PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT AND OPTIMIZATION 159 8 CDN ANALYTICS: A PRIMER 161 Timothy Siglin 8.1 Introduction 161 8.2 Why Measure? 162 8.3 What do we Measure? 162 8.4 What about Business Intelligence? 169 8.5 Measuring Stateless Delivery 171 8.6 Billing Analytics 173 8.7 CDN Analytics Tools 174 8.8 Recent Trends in CDN Analytics 175 8.9 Conclusion 176 References 176 9 CDN MODELING 179 Tolga Bektas and Ozgur Ercetin 9.1 Introduction 179 9.2 Basics on Mathematical Modeling and Optimization 180 9.3 Video-on-Demand Applications 182 9.4 Optimization Problems in Content Delivery and VoD Services 185 9.5 Visionary Thoughts for Practitioners 198 9.6 Future Research Directions 198 9.7 Conclusions 199 Acknowledgments 200 References 200 10 ANALYZING CONTENT DELIVERY NETWORKS 203 Benjamin Molina, Jaime Calvo, Carlos E. Palau, and Manuel Esteve 10.1 Introduction 203 10.2 Previous Work 204 10.3 Basic CDN Model 205 10.4 Enhancing the Model 206 10.5 Performance Evaluation 212 10.6 Conclusions 216 References 216 11 MULTISOURCE STREAM AGGREGATION IN THE CLOUD 219 Marat Zhanikeev 11.1 Introduction 219 11.2 Terminologies 221 11.3 Background and Related Work 222 11.4 The Substream Method in the Cloud 224 11.5 Stream Aggregation in the Cloud 226 11.6 Models 228 11.7 Analysis 231 11.8 Visionary Thoughts for Practitioners 236 11.9 Future Research Directions 238 11.10 Conclusion 239 References 239 12 BEYOND CDN: CONTENT PROCESSING AT THE EDGE OF THE CLOUD 243 Salekul Islam and Jean-Charles Gr egoire 12.1 Introduction 243 12.2 Existing Content Delivery Platforms 244 12.3 Comparison of Existing Content Delivery Platforms 247 12.4 An Edge Cloud-Based Model 251 12.5 Results and Insights 255 12.6 Future Research Directions 256 12.7 Conclusion 257 References 257 13 DYNAMIC RECONFIGURATION FOR ADAPTIVE STREAMING 259 Norihiko Yoshida 13.1 Introduction 259 13.2 Background and Related Work 260 13.3 Dynamic Server Deployment 262 13.4 From Content Delivery to Streaming 263 13.5 Future Research Directions 267 13.6 Conclusion 269 Acknowledgments 269 References 269 14 MINING DISTRIBUTED DATA STREAMS ON CONTENT DELIVERY NETWORKS 273 Eugenio Cesario, Carlo Mastroianni, and Domenico Talia 14.1 Introduction 273 14.2 Background and Related Work 275 14.3 A Hybrid Multidomain Architecture 277 14.4 A Prototype for Stream Mining in a CDN 281 14.5 Visionary Thoughts for Practitioners 285 14.6 Future Research Directions 285 14.7 Conclusion 286 References 286 15 CDN CAPACITY PLANNING 289 Phil Davies and Mukaddim Pathan 15.1 Introduction 289 15.2 Capacity Planning Process 290 15.3 Undertaking the Capacity Planning Process 295 15.4 CDN Capacity Planning Case Study 300 15.5 Recent Developments and Challenges 302 15.6 Summary and Conclusion 303 References 303 PART III CASE STUDIES AND NEXT GENERATION CDNs 305 16 OVERLAY NETWORKS: AN AKAMAI PERSPECTIVE 307 Ramesh K. Sitaraman, Mangesh Kasbekar, Woody Lichtenstein, and Manish Jain 16.1 Introduction 307 16.2 Background 309 16.3 Caching Overlays 314 16.4 Routing Overlays 318 16.5 Security Overlays 323 16.6 Conclusion 325 References 326 17 NEXT-GENERATION CDNs: A CoBlitz PERSPECTIVE 329 Vivek S. Pai 17.1 Introduction 329 17.2 Carrier CDNs 331 17.3 Managed CDNs 332 17.4 Federated CDNs 333 17.5 Licensed CDNs 335 17.6 Case Study: CoBlitz 337 17.7 CoBlitz Commercialization 343 17.8 Implications of HTTP Adaptive Streaming 345 17.9 CoBlitz Commercialization Lessons 347 17.10 CDN Industry Directions 348 Acknowledgments 349 References 349 18 CONTENT DELIVERY IN CHINA: A ChinaCache PERSPECTIVE 353 Michael Talyansky, Alexei Tumarkin, Hunter Xu, and Ken Zhang 18.1 Introduction 353 18.2 Content-Aware Network Services in China 356 18.3 Directions for Future CDN Research and Trends in China 365 18.4 Conclusion 366 References 366 19 PlatonTV: A SCIENTIFIC HIGH DEFINITION CONTENT DELIVERY PLATFORM 369 Miros aw Czyrnek, Jedrzej Jajor, Jerzy Jamrozy, Ewa Kusmierek, Cezary Mazurek, Maciej Stroinski, and Jan Weglarz 19.1 Introduction 369 19.2 Background and Related Work 371 19.3 PlatonTV Architecture 372 19.4 Content Ingest 374 19.5 Content Distribution and Management 376 19.6 Content Delivery 379 19.7 Availability and Reliability 381 19.8 Visionary Thoughts for Practitioners 382 19.9 Future Research Directions 383 19.10 Conclusion 383 Acknowledgments 383 References 384 20 CacheCast: A SINGLE-SOURCE MULTIPLE-DESTINATION CACHING MECHANISM 385 Piotr Srebrny, Dag H.L. Sorbo, Thomas Plagemann, Vera Goebel, and Andreas Mauthe 20.1 Introduction 385 20.2 Related Work 387 20.3 CacheCast Overview 388 20.4 Background on Multidestination Traffic 389 20.5 CacheCast Design 391 20.6 CacheCast Efficiency 396 20.7 CacheCast Applications 399 20.8 Visionary Thoughts for Practitioners 407 20.9 Future Research Directions 409 20.10 Conclusion 409 Acknowledgments 410 References 410 21 CONTENT REPLICATION AND DELIVERY IN INFORMATION-CENTRIC NETWORKS 413 Vasilis Sourlas, Paris Flegkas, Dimitrios Katsaros, and Leandros Tassiulas 21.1 Introduction 413 21.2 Related Work 414 21.3 Framework for Information Replication in ICN 416 21.4 Performance Evaluation 423 21.5 Future Research Directions 426 21.6 Conclusion 426 Acknowledgments 427 References 427 22 ROBUST CONTENT BROADCASTING IN VEHICULAR NETWORKS 431 Giancarlo Fortino, Carlos T. Calafate, Juan C. Cano, and Pietro Manzoni 22.1 Introduction 431 22.2 Vehicular Networks 432 22.3 Forward Error Correction Techniques 433 22.4 A Robust Broadcast-Based Content Delivery System 434 22.5 CDS Simulation in NS-3 436 22.6 Performance Evaluation 437 22.7 Future Research Trends 444 22.8 Summary and Conclusion 446 Acknowledgments 447 References 447 23 ON THE IMPACT OF ONLINE SOCIAL NETWORKS IN CONTENT DELIVERY 449 Irene Kilanioti, Chryssis Georgiou, and George Pallis 23.1 Introduction 449 23.2 Online Social Networks Background 450 23.3 Characterization of Social Cascades 453 23.4 Online Social Network Measurements 456 23.5 Systems 458 23.6 Future Research Directions 459 23.7 Conclusion 461 Acknowledgments 461 References 461 Index 465

Product Details

  • publication date: 24/10/2014
  • ISBN13: 9781118575215
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 504
  • ID: 9781118575215
  • weight: 814
  • ISBN10: 1118575210

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