Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Medical Applications: Reverse Engineering, Software Conversion, and Rapid Prototyping (Engineering Research)
By: Ian Gibson (editor)Hardback
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Advanced manufacturing technologies (AMTs) combine novel manufacturing techniques and machines with the application of information technology, microelectronics and new organizational practices within the manufacturing sector. They include 'hard' technologies such as rapid prototyping, and 'soft' technologies such as scanned point cloud data manipulation. AMTs contribute significantly to medical and biomedical engineering. The number of applications is rapidly increasing, with many important new products now under development. "Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Medical Applications" outlines the state of the art in advanced manufacturing technology and points to the future development of this exciting field. Early chapters look at actual medical applications already employing AMT, and progress to how reverse engineering allows users to create system solutions to medical problems. The authors also investigate how hard and soft systems are used to create these solutions ready for building. Applications follow where models are created using a variety of different techniques to suit different medical problems.
One of the first texts to be dedicated to the use of rapid prototyping, reverse engineering and associated software for medical applications, this title ties together the two distinct disciplines of engineering and medicine. It features contributions from experts who are recognised pioneers in the use of these technologies for medical applications. It includes work carried out in both a research and a commercial capacity, with representatives from 3 companies that are established as world leaders in the field - Medical Modelling, Materialise, & Anatomics. It covers a comprehensive range of medical applications, from dentistry and surgery to neurosurgery and prosthetic design. Medical practitioners interested in implementing new advanced methods will find "Advanced Manufacturing Technology for Medical Applications" invaluable as will engineers developing applications for the medical industry. Academics and researchers also now have a vital resource at their disposal.
Contributors. 1. Rapid Prototyping for Medical Applications (Ian Gibson). 1.1 Overview. 1.2 Workshop on Medical Applications for Reverse Engineering and Rapid Prototyping. 1.3 Purpose of this Chapter (Overview). 1.4 Background on Rapid Prototyping. 1.5 Sterolithography and Other Resin-type Systems. 1.6 Fused Deposition Modelling and Selective Laser Sintering. 1.7 Droplet/Binder Systems. 1.8 Related Technology: Microsystems and Direct Metal Systems. 1.9 File Preparation. 1.10 Relationship with Other Technologies. 1.11 Disadvantages with RP for Medical Applications. 1.12 Summary. Bibliography. 2. Role of Rapid Digital Manufacture in Planning and Implementation of Complex Medical Treatments (Andrew M. Christensen and Stephen M. Humphries). 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Primer on Medical Imaging. 2.3 Surgical Planning. 2.4 RDM in Medicine. 2.5 The Future. 2.6 Conclusion. References. 3. Biomodelling (P. D'Urso). 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Surgical Applications of Real Virtuality. 3.3 Case Studies. References. 4. Three-dimensional Data Capture and Processing (W. Feng, Y. F. Zhang, Y. F. Wu and Y. S. Wong). 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 3D Medical Scan Process. 4.3 RE and RP in Medical Application. 4.4 Applications of Medical Imaging. 4.5 Case Study. 4.6 Conclusions. References. Bibliography. 5. Software for Medical Data Transfer (Ellen Dhoore). 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Medical Imaging: from Medical Scanner to 3D Model. 5.4 Conclusions. Bibliography. 6. BioBuild Software (Robert Thompson and Dr Gian Lorenzetto). 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 BioBuild Paradigm. 6.3 Future Enhancements. 6.4 Conclusion. References 7. Generalized Artificial Finger Joint Design Process Employing Reverse Engineering (I. Gibson and X. P. Wang). 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Supporting Literature. 7.3 Technological Supports for the Prosthesis Design. 7.4 Proposed Methodology. 7.5 Finger Joint Surface Modelling and Feature Extraction. 7.6 Database Construction and Surface Generalization. 7.7 Conclusions. References. 8. Scaffold-based Tissue Engineering - Design and Fabrication of Matrices Using Solid Freeform Fabrication Techniques (Dietmar W. Hutmacher). 8.1 Background. 8.2 Introduction. 8.3 Systems Based on Laser and UV Light Sources. 8.4 Systems Based on Printing Technology. 8.5 Systems Based on Extrusion/Direct Writing. 8.6 Indirect SFF. 8.7 Robotic and Mechatronically Controlled Systems 8.8 Conclusions. References. 9. Direct Fabrication of Custom Orthopedic Implants Using Electron Beam Melting Technology (Ola L. A. Harrysson and Dennis R. Cormier). 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Literature Review. 9.3 Electron Beam Melting Technology. 9.4 Direct Fabrication of Titanium Orthopedic Implants. 9.5 Summary and Conclusions. References. 10. Modelling, Analysis and Fabrication of Below-knee Prosthetic Sockets Using Rapid Prototyping (J. Y. H. Fuh, W. Feng and Y. S. Wong). 10.1 Introduction. 10.2 Computer-facilitated Approach. 10.3 Experiments. 10.4 Results and Discussion. 10.5 Rapid Socket Manufacturing Machine (RSMM). 10.6 Conclusions. Acknowledgements. References. Bibliography. 11. Future Development of Medical Applications for Advanced Manufacturing Technology (Ian Gibson). 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Scanning Technology. 11.3 RP Technology. 11.4 Direct Manufacture. 11.5 Tissue Engineering. 11.6 Business. Index.
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