This book deals primarily with monitoring, prediction and understanding of Tropical Cyclones (TCs). It was envisioned to serve as a teaching and reference resource at universities and academic institutions for researchers and post-graduate students. It has been designed to provide a broad outlook on recent advances in observations, assimilation and modeling of TCs with detailed and advanced information on genesis, intensification, movement and storm surge prediction. Specifically, it focuses on (i) state-of-the-art observations for advancing TC research, (ii) advances in numerical weather prediction for TCs, (iii) advanced assimilation and vortex initialization techniques, (iv) ocean coupling, (v) current capabilities to predict TCs, and (vi) advanced research in physical and dynamical processes in TCs. The chapters in the book are authored by leading international experts from academic, research and operational environments. The book is also expected to stimulate critical thinking for cyclone forecasters and researchers, managers, policy makers, and graduate and post-graduate students to carry out future research in the field of TCs.
Part 1: State-of-the-art Observations for Advancing TC Research1. Advancing the Understanding and Prediction of Tropical Cyclones Using Aircraft Observations2. Use of Satellite Observations in Tropical Cyclone Studies Part 2: Advances in Numerical Weather Predictions for Tropical Cyclones3. Overview of the NOAA/NCEP Operational Hurricane Weather Research and Forecast (HWRF) Modelling System4. Physical Processes in Tropical Cyclone Models5. Sub-Grid Vertical Turbulent Mixing in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer6. Air-Sea Turbulent Flux Parameterizations in Tropical Cyclone Models7. Present State of Knowledge of Electrification and Lightning within Tropical Cyclones and Their Relationships to Microphysics and Storm Intensity8. The Role of Land Surface Processes on Tropical Cyclones: Introduction to Land Surface Models9. The Role of Land Surface Processes on Extreme Weather Events: Land Data Assimilation System10. Ocean Component of the HWRF Coupled Model and Model Evaluation Part 3: Advanced Assimilation and Vortex Initialization Techniques11. Introduction to Data Assimilation Techniques and Ensemble Kalman Filter12. Data Assimilation and Predictability of Tropical Cyclones 13. Data Assimilation: Comparison and Hybridization between Ensemble and Variational Methods Part 4: Monitoring and Prediction of Tropical Cyclones14. Operational ACCESS-TC: Vortex Specification, 4DVAR Initialization, Verification and Structure Diagnostics15. Physical Initialization in Tropical Cyclone Forecasting 16. Monitoring and Forecasting of Tropical Cyclones over North Indian Ocean17. Operational Tropical Cyclone Forecasts Models at IMD and Their Performance18. Tropical Cyclone Research over the North Indian Ocean: Impact of Data and Vortex Initialization in High Resolution Mesoscale Models19. Superensemble Technique for Tropical Cyclone Prediction20. Advanced Diagnostics for the HWRF Hurricane Modelling System Part 5: Advances in Tropical Cyclone Research21. Introduction to Hurricane Dynamics: Tropical Cyclone Intensification22. Recent Advances in Tropical Cyclogenesis23. The Hurricane Boundary Layer24. Balanced Dynamics in Tropical Cyclones25. Quasi-balanced Dynamics in Tropical Cyclones26. Using Budgets to Study Tropical Cyclones27. The Storm Surge Prediction over Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea: A Review Index