Advanced Spanish Step-by-Step: Master Accelerated Grammar to Take Your Spanish to the Next Level (Easy Step-by-step Series)
By: Barbara Bregstein (author)Paperback
This title presents a proven grammar-based approach that gives you a real mastery of the Spanish language. Use "Advanced Spanish Step by Step's" progressive, grammar-based approach to conquer intermediate and advanced Spanish-language topics. This step-by-step approach gives you real confidence and the tools you need to achieve a high Spanish proficiency. You'll get a quick review of the key grammar basics, then move on to more advanced topics that you need for true mastery of the language. With complete coverage of verb tenses beyond the present and past, irregular verbs, sentence structure, parts of speech, and more, this book gives a thorough overview of advanced grammar topics. It also introduces you to hundreds of new vocabulary words that are reinforced with readings that put the new terms in everyday context.
Barbara Bregstein is a translator and Spanish instructor with more than thirty years' experience teaching at colleges in the New York City area. She is the author of the bestselling Easy Spanish Step-by-Step (McGraw-Hill).
I. Ser and Estar; Present, Preterit, and Imperfect Tenses; Progressive Tenses; Present Subjunctive; Commands 1 Ser and Estar and the Present Tense Estar (to be) 3 Ser (to be) 8 Reading Comprehension Machu Picchu 19 2 Ser and Estar in the Preterit and Imperfect Tenses Preterit Tense 21 Imperfect Tense 25 Regular Verbs in the Preterit 29 Irregular Verbs in the Preterit 31 Regular Verbs in the Imperfect 33 Irregular Verbs in the Imperfect 35 Comparison of Preterit and Imperfect 35 Reading Comprehension Marianela 38 3. The Present Progressive Tense Gerund Formation 41 Formation of the Present Progressive Tense 45 Use of the Present Progressive Tense 45 Placement of Object Pronouns 48 Uses of the Gerund with Verbs Other Than estar 52 Reading Comprehension La parada del bus 56 4 The Past Progressive Tenses The Imperfect Progressive Tense 58 The Preterit Progressive Tense 61 Reading Comprehension El hospital 67 5 The Present Subjunctive Formation of the Present Subjunctive 70 Uses of the Present Subjunctive 77 Other Tenses That Cause the Present Subjunctive 91 Reading Comprehension El juicio 94 6 Commands Affirmative tu Commands 98 Negative tu Commands 102 Ud. and Uds. Commands 107 Other Ways of Asking People to Do Things 110 Reading Comprehension Perdida en Nicaragua 113 The nosotros Command: "Let us ..." 115 Affirmative vosotros Commands 118 Negative vosotros Commands 118 Reading Comprehension La Noche de Brujas 121 II. Nouns, Articles, Adjectives, Pronouns; Present and Past Perfect Tenses 7 Nouns, Articles, Adjectives, and Pronouns Nouns and Articles 125 Possessive Adjectives 130 Possessive Pronouns 135 Relative Pronouns 139 Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns 144 Reading Comprehension Mi viaje 146 The Neuter lo + Adjective Used as a Noun 147 Adjectives Used as Nouns 149 Pronouns Used as Nouns 150 Pronunciation Practice Los maderos de San Juan 151 Reading Comprehension Lo fatal 152 8 The Present Perfect Tense Formation of the Past Participle 154 Formation of the Present Perfect Tense 157 Uses of the Present Perfect Tense 159 Placement of Object Pronouns with the Present Perfect Tense 160 Use of the Infinitive haber and the Past Participle 161 Reading Comprehension El apartamento 165 9 The Past Perfect Tense Formation of the Past Perfect Tense 167 Uses of the Past Perfect Tense 167 Reading Comprehension El sueno 170 Reading Comprehension Recordando Nicaragua 171 The Past Participle as an Adjective 172 The Past Participle with ser and the Passive Voice 176 Reading Comprehension El conde Lucanor 178 III. Future and Conditional Tenses; Past Subjunctive; Idioms 10 The Future Tense Formation of the Future Tense 181 Uses of the Future Tense 188 The Future Progressive Tense 195 The Future Perfect Tense 196 Reading Comprehension El porvenir 197 11 The Conditional Tense Formation of the Conditional Tense 199 Uses of the Conditional Tense 205 The Conditional Progressive Tense 209 The Conditional Perfect Tense 210 Reading Comprehension 'Que haria Ud. en las siguientes situaciones? 212 12 The Present Perfect Subjunctive Formation of the Present Perfect Subjunctive 214 Uses of the Present Perfect Subjunctive 214 Reading Comprehension La isla en el Caribe 218 13 The Imperfect Subjunctive Formation of the Imperfect Subjunctive 221 Uses of the Imperfect Subjunctive 227 Reading Comprehension El barco economico 234 Reading Comprehension Xochicalco 243 14 The Past Perfect Subjunctive Formation of the Past Perfect Subjunctive 245 Uses of the Past Perfect Subjunctive 245 Reading Comprehension Su punto de vista 257 15 Idioms Idioms with Prepositions 260 Idioms with Verbs 263 Time Expressions 267 Reading Comprehension La defensa de Socrates 270 Appendix: List of Verbs 273 Answer Key 280 Index 292
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