Creativity, resourcefulness and a strong vision of equality in America helped Black men and women to establish their own organizations despite the continuing legacy and stigma of the slavery period. Frontiers International, the oldest Black community service organization in the U.S., was born in the heart of the Depression and called together Black men concerned about the condition of Blacks in America. Advancement Through Service: A History of The Frontiers International, by Frederick Johnson and Leonard Bethel, constitutes the first history of this public service effort on the part of Blacks in the U.S.
Dr. Leonard L. Bethel is professor Emeritus of African Studies at Rutgers University. A Yokefellow of the Plainfield Area Club, Dr. Bethel is a recipient of the Warren I Susman Teaching Award for Excellence and is a Fellow of the Oxford Roundtable at Oxford University. Frederick A. Johnson served as Chairman of the Historical Committee of Frontiers International and was an editor of the Frontrunner newsletter. He was a Charter Yokefellow and a Past President of the Plainfield Area Club.
Table of Contents Nimrod B. Allen Years of Growth Chartered Members The Constitution and By-Laws Concerning Women's Rights Women's Auxiliary: The Yokettes Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to Saginaw, Michigan An Overview A Fish in the Sea Africa and America Letter From Kenya Service: A Community Challenge