This book is an essential reference for engineers and scientists working in the field of turbulence. It covers a variety of applications, such as: turbulence measurements; mathematical and numerical modeling of turbulence; thermal hydraulics; applications for civil, mechanical and nuclear engineering; environmental fluid mechanics; river and open channel flows; coastal problems; ground water.
Environmental fluid mechanics: free surface flows in channels, rivers, seas, estuaries, etc.; wind engineering; ocean circulation model; dispersion problems in atmospheric, water and ground water environments. Industrial fluid mechanics: fluid phenomena in energy exchanges; modelling of turbulent two- or multi-phase flows, swirling flows, flows in combustors, variable density flows and reacting flows; flows in turbo-machines, pumps and piping systems; fluid-structure interaction. Fundamentals of fluid mechanics: progress in modelling turbulent flows and heat/mass transfers; computational fluid dynamics/numerical techniques, parallel computing algorithms; applications of chaos/fractal theory in turbulence. Turbulence measurements: experimental studies of turbulent flows; experimental and post-processing techniques; quantitative and qualitative flow visualization techniques.