Several new concepts have been added to the armamentarium of management strategies in pregnant diabetics and recent studies support the safety of oral hypoglycemics such as glyburide in pregnancy. Atosiban, an oxytocin receptor antagonist is now widely used for preterm labor in the UK and Europe and appears to have the best safety profile and Chapter 3 comprehensively reviews the same. Demand for labor analgesia is increasing and an update on the topic along with intrapartum fetal surveillance is discussed. Infertility is a problem that gynecologists face frequently and no other field has witnessed such strides in technology and the chapters on ultrasonography in infertility and ART provide the reader with new insights. Recent developments in the management of other gynecologic malignancies have also been addressed. With link between HPV and cervical cancer being established, the time has come for routine use of prophylactic HPV vaccination for the prevention of cervical cancer and the chapter deals with nuances of currently available vaccines.