Few observers of relationship dynamics would dispute the claim of interdependence theorists that a defining feature of close relationships is the extent to which partners influence each other's thoughts, feelings, or behaviors. However, partners do not behave simply in response to each other's behavior; both partners in a given relationship bring themselves - indeed, their selves - into the relationship as well. Not only are individuals' selves enormously complex and rich in content, but so too are the multitude of personality characteristics, including traits, values, attitudes, motives, and emotions, that contribute to selves' richness. Gaines, Jr provides a major integration of research on personality with research on relationship science, and demonstrates how personality constructs can be readily incorporated into the two most influential theories of close relationships: attachment theory and interdependence theory. This study will be of value to scholars in the fields of close relationships, personality psychology, communication studies, and family studies.
Stanley O. Gaines, Jr (Ph.D., University of Texas, Austin) is the author of Culture, Ethnicity, and Personal Relationship Processes (1997) and has written or co-written more than 100 articles and book chapters, primarily in the fields of close relationships and ethnic studies. His areas of specialty include cultural values and ethnic identity, interpersonal traits and attachment styles, and exchange and interdependence processes in close relationships. He has won numerous grants and fellowships from such diverse sources as the Ford Foundation, the Fulbright Foundation, and the American Psychological Foundation.
Part I. Introduction: 1. Behaviorist foundations of the field of close relationships; Part II. Self and Personality Constructs as Reflected in Close Relationship Processes: 2. The self as reflected in close relationship processes; 3. Traits as reflected in close relationship processes; 4. Values as reflected in close relationship processes; 5. Attitudes as reflected in close relationship processes; 6. Motives as reflected in close relationship processes; 7. Emotions as reflected in close relationship processes; Part III. Conclusion: 8. Taking stock of the literature on personality and close relationship processes.