Advancing the Human Right to Health offers a prospective on the global response to one of the greatest moral, legal, and public health challenges of the 21st century - achieving the human right to health as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and other legal instruments. Featuring writings by global thought-leaders in the world of health human rights, the book brings clarity to many of the complex clinical, ethical, economic, legal, and socio-cultural questions raised by injury, disease, and deeper determinants of health, such as poverty. Much more than a primer on the right to health, this book features an examination of profound inequalities in health, which have resulted in millions of people condemned to unnecessary suffering and hastened deaths. In so doing, it provides a thoughtful account of the right to health's parameters, strategies on ways in which to achieve it, and discussion of why it is so essential in a 21st century context. Country-specific case studies provide context for analysing the right to health and assessing whether, and to what extent, this right has influenced critical decision-making that makes a difference in people's lives.
Thematic chapters also look at the specific challenges involved in translating the right to health into action. Advancing the Human Right to Health highlights the urgency to build upon the progress made in securing the right to health for all, offering a timely reminder that all stakeholders must redouble their efforts to advance the human right to health.
Professor Lawrence O. Gostin is University Professor, Georgetown University's highest academic rank conferred by the University President. He directs the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law and was the Founding O'Neill Chair in Global Health Law. He is Professor of Medicine at Georgetown University, Professor of Public Health at the Johns Hopkins University, and Director of the Center for Law & the Public's Health at both universities. Professor Gostin is also the Director of the WHO Collaborating Centre on Public Health Law & Human Rights. He holds numerous editorial appointments, and his principal position is the Health Law and Ethics Editor for the Journal of the American Medical Association. He is also Founding Editor-in-Chief of Laws. Professor Gostin has led major law reform initiatives in the United States, including the drafting of the Model Emergency Health Powers Act (MEHPA) to combat bioterrorism and the "Turning Point" Model State Public Health Act.
FOREWORD ; PREFACE ; SECTION 1 THE RIGHT TO HEALTH IN PERSPECTIVE ; 1. The Emergence and Scope of the Human Right to Health ; 2. Advancing the Right to Health through Litigation ; 3. The Right to Health: From Concept to Practice ; 4. Health Development as Nation-Strengthening ; 5. Pillars for Progress on the Right to Health ; SECTION 2 THE RIGHT TO HEALTH IN ACTION ; 6. Haiti: An Overview of its Right to Health History and Future Directions ; 7. The Right to Health in Ghana: Healthcare, Human Rights, and Politics ; 8. Health and Development in India: Moving towards the Right to Health ; 9. The Right to Health in Post-Apartheid Era South Africa ; 10. The Domestic Implementation of the International Right to Health: The Philippine Experience ; 11. China's Evolution in Progressively Realizing the Right to Health ; 12. Brazil: A Long Journey towards a Universal Healthcare System ; 13. The Right to Health in Peru ; 14. Realizing the Right to Healthcare in Mexico ; 15. The United Kingdom: The Right to Health in the Context of a Nationalised Health Service ; 16. The Right to Health in Japan: Challenges of a Super-Aging Society and Implications from its 2011 Public Health Emergency ; 17. United States: Right to Health Obligations in the Context of Disparity and Reform ; SECTION 3 THE RIGHT TO HEALTH: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES ; 18. Human Rights-Based Approaches to HIV, Tuberculosis, and Malaria ; 19. Global Tobacco Control: A Vital Component of the Right to Health ; 20. Women's Health and Human Rights: Struggles to Engender Social Transformation ; 21. The Right to Health in Prison ; 22. Access to Medical Products, Vaccines, and Medical Technologies ; 23. Nutrition and Human Rights: Why Meeting Nutrient Needs Should be a Human Right ; 24. Primum Non Nocere and the Right to Health ; 25. Combating Torture and Other Ill-Treatment ; 26. Emergencies, Disasters, Conflicts, and Human Rights ; 27. Searching for a Role for Genomics in the Right to Health ; 28. Financing Governments: Towards Achieving the Right to Health ; SECTION 4 CONCLUSION ; 29. The Consequences of Failure
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