One of our foremost authorities on modern Afghanistan, Barnett R. Rubin has dedicated much of his career to the study of this remote mountain country. He served as a special advisor to the late Ambassador Richard Holbrooke during his final mission to the region and still serves the Obama administration under Holbrooke's successor, Ambassador Marc Grossman. Now Rubin distills his unmatched knowledge of Afghanistan in this invaluable book. He shows how the Taliban arose in resistance to warlords some of whom who were raping and plundering with impunity in the vacuum of authority left by the collapse of the Afghan state after the Soviet withdrawal. The Taliban built on a centuries-old tradition of local leadership by students and teachers at independent, rural madrasas-networks that had been marginalized by the state-building royal regime that was itself destroyed by the Soviets and radicalized by the resistance to the invasion. He examines the arrival of Arab Islamists, the missed opportunities after the American-led intervention, the role of Pakistan, and the challenges of reconstruction.
Rubin provides first-hand accounts of the bargaining at both the Bonn Talks of 2001 and the Afghan Constitutional Loya Jirga of 2003-2004, in both of which he participated as a UN advisor. Throughout, he discusses the significance of ethnic rivalries, the drug trade, human rights, state-building, US strategic choices, and international organizations, analyzing the missteps in these areas taken by the international community since 2001. The book covers events till the start of the Obama administration, and the final chapters provide an inside look at some of the thinking that is shaping today's policy debates inside the administration. Authoritative, nuanced, and sweeping in scope, Afghanistan in the Post-Cold War Era provides deep insight into the greatest foreign policy challenge facing America today.
Barnett R. Rubin is Director of Studies and Senior Fellow at the Center on International Cooperation at New York University. His books include Blood on the Doorstep: The Politics of Preventive Action, The Fragmentation of Afghanistan, and The Search for Peace in Afghanistan.
Part 1: Before 9/11 ; Introduction: "Helping Afghanistan" 1998 ; "Afghanistan under the Taliban" 1999 ; "Afghanistan: The Last Cold-War Conflict, the First Post-Cold War Conflict" 2000 ; "Afghanistan: The Forgotten Crisis" 1996 ; "The Political Economy of War and Peace in Afghanistan" 2000 ; "Women and Pipelines: Afghanistan's Proxy Wars" 1997 ; "Arab Islamists in Afghanistan" 1997 ; "Afghanistan: Reconstruction and Peacebuilding in a Regional Framework," With Ashraf Ghani, William Maley, Ahmed Rashid, and Olivier Roy, 2001 ; Part 2: Reconstructing Afghanistan? ; Introduction: "Afghans Can Be Our Allies," New York Times, September 22, 2001 ; "A Blueprint for Afghanistan" 2002 ; "Peace Building, State Building: Constructing Sovereignty for Security" 2005 ; "The Politics of Security in State-Building" ; "The Politics of Center-Periphery Relations in Afghanistan" With Helena Malikyar 2003 ; "Transitional Justice and Human Rights in Afghanistan" 2003 ; "The Political Context of Public Administration in Afghanistan" 2007 ; "Crafting a Constitution for Afghanistan" 2004 ; "Regional Issues in the Reconstruction of Afghanistan" With Andrea Armstrong 2003 ; "From Bonn to London: Governance Challenges and the Future of Statebuilding in Afghanistan" With Humayun Hamidzada, 2007 ; Part 3: Contesting Afghanistan ; Introduction: "The Death of an Afghan Optimist" 2006 ; "Afghanistan's Uncertain Transition from Turmoil to Normalcy" 2006 ; "Saving Afghanistan" 2007 ; "Pashtun and Taliban in Two States" ; "U.S. and Iran in Afghanistan" With Sara Batmanglich ; "Counter-Narcotics to Stabilize Afghanistan: The False Promise of Crop Eradication" With Jake Sherman 2008 ; "Afghan Dilemmas: Defining Commitment" 2008 ; "The Transformation of the State in Afghanistan" 2008 ; "From Great Game to Grand Bargain: Ending Chaos in Afghanistan and Pakistan" With Ahmed Rashid 2008 ; Conclusion ; "A Tribe Apart" 2009 ; Appendix ; "Afghanistan 2005 and Beyond: Prospects for Improved Stability" 2005