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Although many countries in Africa are devastated by poverty and famine, and are desperately in need of aid, it is generally recognised that programmes of aid and development in Africa are imposed upon local communities with little regard for their traditional values and way of life. This is true of development schemes imposed by national African governments, just as it is true of international aid schemes. This book provides a fresh look at these intricate issues, and explores the way in which farming and traditional pastoral livelihoods have strengthened rather than weakened in the face of government reforms. It reveals how traditional institutions and resource management strategies within local African communities continue to endure, in spite of the enormous pressure that development programs assert, as pastoralists resolve to confront coercive state policies designed to privilege the interests of the wealthy and powerful elite.
Revealing the link between the structure of power relations in pastoral societies and the shrinking of environmental space, the contributors demonstrate the intractable problems of the sustainability of pastoral development in situations characterized by increasing land appropriation and conflicts over resources. The book introduces thirteen case studies from Botswana, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda and various other parts of the African continent.
M. A. Mohamed Salih is Professor of Politics of Development at both the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague and the Department of Political Science, University of Leiden, The Netherlands His most recent books include African Pastoralism: Conflict, Institutions and Government (Pluto Press, 2001), Environmental Planning, Policies and Politics in Eastern and Southern Africa (1999), Environmental Politics and Liberation in Contemporary Africa (1999) and Local Environmental Change and Society in Africa (2000).
Introduction: M. A. Mohamed Salih 1 Towards Security, Stability and Sustainability Oriented Strategies of Development in Eastern Africa J.B. Opschoor 2 Sustainable Development and Resource Conflicts in Botswana M.B.K. Darkoh and J.E. Mbaiwa 3 Participation and Governance in the Development of Borana, Southern Ethiopia Johan Helland 4 Conflict Management, Resolution and Institutions Among the Karrayu and their Neighbours Ayelew Gebre 6 Ranchers and Pastoralists: Restructuring of Government Ranching, Uganda Frank Emmanuel Muhereza 8 Resource Competition and Conflict: Herder-Farmer or Pastoralism-Agriculture? Mustafa Babiker 9 Resource Conflicts among the Afar of Northeast Ethiopia Getachew Kassa 10 Livelihood and Resource Competition, Sudan Abdel Ghaffar Mohamed Ahmed 11 Pastoral Commercialisation: On Caloric Terms of Trade and Related Issues Ton Dietz, Abdirizak A. Nunow, Adano W. Roba and Fred Zaal 12 Immediate Problems: A View From A Distance P.T.W. Baxter 13 Changing Gender Roles and Pastoral Adaptation In Omdurman, Sudan Samia El Hadi El Nagar 14 Research-Led Policy Deliberation in Eritrea and Somalia: Searching to Overcome Institutional Gaps Martin Doornbos Notes on Contributors Index
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- ID: 9780745317878
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