This book interrogates the political health of African political parties and evaluates the theory and practice of party functions, ideology and structure. Through fresh analysis using a variety of case studies, the authors question the democratic credentials of African political parties and propose new methods for achieving inclusive, broad-based representation.
Themes include the evolution and institutionalisation of African political parties; the unique historical, political and social circumstances that shaped their structures and functions. In the governance trajectory, the authors question the relationship between African political parties and government; political parties and representation; political parties and electoral systems; and political parties and parliament.
Case studies include Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe and many others.
M. A. Mohamed Salih is Professor of Politics of Development at both the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague and the Department of Political Science, University of Leiden, The Netherlands His most recent books include African Pastoralism: Conflict, Institutions and Government (Pluto Press, 2001), Environmental Planning, Policies and Politics in Eastern and Southern Africa (1999), Environmental Politics and Liberation in Contemporary Africa (1999) and Local Environmental Change and Society in Africa (2000).
Foreword by Abdel Ghaffar Mohamed Ahmed by Executive Secretary, OSSREA Abbreviations 1. Introduction by Evolution of African Political Parties by M. A Mohamed Salih 2. Political Parties, Party Systems and Democracy in Sub-Saharan Africa by Renske Doorenspleet 3. Power and competition by The institutional context of multi-party politics by Oda van Cranenburgh 4. Democratic Transition and the Crises of an African Nationalist Party, UNIP by Zambia by Jotham C. Momba 5. Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) by A Revolutionary Party in Transition, Tanzania by Paschal B. Mihyo 6. Inhibitions to Democratic Party Politics in Zimbabwe by John Makumbe 7. Political Parties and Democratic Sustenance in Ghana, 1992-2000 by Kwame Boafo-Arthur 8. Sustainability of Political Parties in Kenya by Nick G. Wanjohi 9. Political Parties and Democracy in Independent Namibia by Tapera O. Chirawu 10. Multiparty Politics and Elections in Southern Africa by Realities and Imageries by Denis Venter 11. Party Politics and Political Culture in Ethiopia by Kassahun Berhanu 12. When Political Parties Fail by Sudan's Democratic Conundrum by Abdel Ghaffar Mohamed Ahmed and Samia El Hadi El Nagar 13. Political Parties and Governance by Wil Hout 14. Political Parties and Democratic Governance in Botswana by Mpho G. Molomo 15. Political Parties and the Unfinished Quest for Democratic Governance, Zambia by Njunga-Michael Mulikita 16. Political Parties and Governance in Nigeria by Dele Olowu and Matthew Okotoni 17. Political Parties and Government by Petr Kopeck and Peter Mair by 18. Synthesis and Conclusion by M. A. Mohamed Salih Bibliography Note on Contributors Index