Mothlabi explores the origins and sources of Black theology in context. It further highlights the two bases of African traditional morality, the humanistic and the religious, and also investigates the move towards an ethical method for Black Theology. The author proceeds to broach issues of poverty, oppression and exploitation by focusing on Marxism, Morality and Ideology' and by exploring the possibility of a meaningful, ethical solution to Third World debt. It was in the hope of inspiring up-and-coming young theologians, who feel that African and Black Theology still have a role to play in South Africa, that the author was prompted to reflect on the past and present status of these two types of theology. In view of the political change which took place in this country in 1994, he contends that Black theology has lost its responsiveness to the new socio-economic realities that followed liberation. At the same time he stresses that critical and prophetic participation on the part of black theologians and other church structures is still needed in addressing ongoing social issues in the country, notwithstanding whatever solidarity is necessary in working with the state.