European welfare states are undergoing profound change, driven by globalization, technical changes, and population ageing. More immediately, the aftermath of the Great Recession and unprecedented levels of immigration have imposed additional pressures. This book examines welfare state transformations across a representative range of European countries and at the EU level, and considers likely new directions in social policy. It reviews the dominant neo-liberal
austerity response and discusses social investment, fightback, welfare chauvinism, and protectionism.
It argues that the class solidarities and cleavages that shaped the development of welfare states are no longer powerful. Tensions surrounding divisions between old and young, women and men, immigrants and denizens, and between the winners in a new, more competitive, world and those who feel left behind are becoming steadily more important. European countries have entered a period of political instability and this is reflected in policy directions. Austerity predominates nearly everywhere, but
patterns of social investment, protectionism, neo-Keynesian intervention, and fightback vary between countries. The volume identify areas of convergence and difference in European welfare state futures in this up-to-date study - essential reading to grasp the pace and directions of
Peter Taylor-Gooby is a Research Professor of Social Policy at the University of Kent. He is the director of the NORFACE-funded 'Welfare States Futures: Our Children's Europe' (WelfSOC) project. His publications include Britain's Growth Crisis (co-edited with Colin Hay and Jeremy Green, Palgrave, 2015), The Double Crisis of the Welfare State and What Can We Do About It (Palgrave, 2013), and New Paradigms in Public Policy (OUP, 2013). Benjamin Leruth is an Assistant Professor in Public Administration at the Institute for Governance and Policy Analysis, University of Canberra, and a Research Associate at the University of Kent. He is working on the NORFACE-funded 'Welfare States Futures: Our Children's Europe' (WelfSOC) project. His publications include The Routledge Handbook of Euroscepticism (co-edited with N. Startin and S. Usherwood, Routledge, 2017). Heejung Chung is a Reader in Sociology and Social Policy at the University of Kent. She is a Co-I of the NORFACE-funded 'Welfare States Futures: Our Children's Europe' (WelfSOC) project. She is an expert on comparative analysis of welfare states and published in journals such as the European Sociological Review, Journal of European Social Policy, and Human Relations.