This classic book by Theodor W. Adorno anticipates many of the themes that have since become common in contemporary philosophy: the critique of foundationalism, the illusions of idealism and the end of epistemology. It also foreshadows many of the key ideas that were developed by Adorno in his most important philosophical works, including Negative Dialectics. Against Epistemology is based on a manuscript Adorno originally wrote in Oxford in 1934-37 during his first years in exile and subsequently reworked in Frankfurt in 1955-56. The text was written as a critique of Husserl s phenomenology, but the critique of phenomenology is used as the occasion for a much broader critique of epistemology. Adorno described this as a metacritique which blends together the analysis of Husserl s phenomenology as the most advanced instance of the decay of bourgeois idealism with an immanent critique of the tensions and contradictions internal to Husserl s thought. The result is a powerful text which remains one of the most devastating critiques of Husserl s work ever written and which heralded many of the ideas that have become commonplace in contemporary philosophy.
Theodor W. Adorno was a German sociologist, philosopher and musicologist, and a leading member of the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory.
Preface 1 Introduction 3 Procedure and Object Immanent Critique Mediating the First Mathematicizaton Concept of Method Promoting the Subject Persistence as Truth The Elementary The Regressive Philosophy of Origins and Epistemology System and Debit Opposing Forces in Epistemology The Drive for System Doctrine of Antinomies Nominalism Motivation and Tendency of Ontology Illusory Concretization and Formalism New and Old 1 Critique of Logical Absolutism 41 Philosophy, Metaphysics and Science Contradiction in Scientificization Concept of Intuition Husserl s Scientism Dialectic in Spite of Itself A Head-Start for Science Realism in Logic The Logical In-Itself Presupposition of Logical Absolutism Essence and Development (Entfaltung) Calculators, Logic and Mechanics Reification of Logic The Logical 'Object' Autosemantic and Synsemantic Expressions Logical Laws and Laws of Thought Aporia of Logical Absolutism Relating Genesis and Validity Genesis and Psychology Thinking and Psychologism The Law of Non-Contradiction The Law of Identity Contingency Abandoning the Empirical Phenomenological and Eidetic Motifs 2 Species and Intention 89 Propositions in Themselves and Essences Lived Experience (Erlebnis) and 'Sense' Critique of Singular 'Senses' Origin of Essential Insight (Wesensschau) 'Ideational Abstraction' Abstraction and () The Primacy of Meaning Analysis (Bedeutungsanalyse) The Function of the Noema Noema and () Relation Between the Two Reductions Noema as Hybrid Essence and 'Factual States of Consciousness' Antinomy of Subjectivism and Eidetics 'Eidetic Variations' Essence as Fiction 3 Epistemological Concepts in Dialectic 124 Phenomenology as Epistemology Positivism and Platonism Husserl's Concept of Givenness 'Foundation' (Fundierung) Ontologization of the Factical Thing as Model of the Given Givenness Mediated in Itself The Subject of Givenness Paradoxia of Pure Intuition Matter as Fulfilment Sensation and Perception Antinomy of the Doctrine of Perception Sensation and Materialism Epistemology as Elementary Analysis 'Gestalt' Intentionality and Constitution Enter Noesis and Noema The Forgotten Synthesis Critique of Correlation Theory Pure Identity and Noematic Core The Primacy of Objectifying Acts Thing as Clue (Leitfaden) Antinomy of the Noema Critique Dismissed Antagonism to System Husserl's Transition to Transcendental Idealism Fragility of the System 4 Essence and Pure Ego 186 Husserl and his Successors Phenomenology Attempts to Break Out Self-Revocation Character of Immanence and the Fetishism of the Concept 'Attitude' (Einstellung) Fantasy and Body Categorial Intuition The Paradoxical Apex The Provenance of Logical Absolutism Fulfilment of Unsensed Moments 'Becoming Aware' (Gewahrwerdung) Motivation of Objectivism Withering Away of Argument Phenomenology as Philosophy of Reflection The System in Ruins Advanced and Restorative Elements Natural History Museum Abstract Ideal of Security Infinitization of the Temporal Origin of the Ego Consciousness, Pure Essence, Time Transcendental Ego and Facticity Equivocation of 'I' Solipsism The Aporia of Transcendental Experience The End of Idealism Translator's Note 235 Bibliographical Note 239 German-English Lexicon 242 Index 245
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