Agile IT Organization Design: For Digital Transformation and Continuous Delivery

Agile IT Organization Design: For Digital Transformation and Continuous Delivery

By: Sriram Narayan (author)Paperback

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Description

Design IT Organizations for Agility at Scale Aspiring digital businesses need overall IT agility, not just development team agility. In Agile IT Organization Design, IT management consultant and ThoughtWorks veteran Sriram Narayan shows how to infuse agility throughout your organization. Drawing on more than fifteen years' experience working with enterprise clients in IT-intensive industries, he introduces an agile approach to "Business-IT Effectiveness" that is as practical as it is valuable. The author shows how structural, political, operational, and cultural facets of organization design influence overall IT agility-and how you can promote better collaboration across diverse functions, from sales and marketing to product development, and engineering to IT operations. Through real examples, he helps you evaluate and improve organization designs that enhance autonomy, mastery, and purpose: the key ingredients for a highly motivated workforce. You'll find "close range" coverage of team design, accountability, alignment, project finance, tooling, metrics, organizational norms, communication, and culture. For each, you'll gain a deeper understanding of where your organization stands, and clear direction for making improvements. Ready to optimize the performance of your IT organization or digital business? Here are practical solutions for the long term, and for right now. * Govern for value over predictability * Organize for responsiveness, not lowest cost * Clarify accountability for outcomes and for decisions along the way * Strengthen the alignment of autonomous teams * Move beyond project teams to capability teams * Break down tool-induced silos * Choose financial practices that are free of harmful side effects * Create and retain great teams despite today's "talent crunch" * Reform metrics to promote (not prevent) agility * Evolve culture through improvements to structure, practices, and leadership-and careful, deliberate interventions

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About Author

Sriram Narayan, an IT management consultant with ThoughtWorks, has provided IT agility guidance to clients in telecom, financial services, energy, retail, and Internet businesses. He has also served as a leadership coach and a director of innovation. He was a founding member of the ThoughtWorks technology advisory board-the group that now authors Technology Radar. During a two-year stint at the products division of ThoughtWorks, he helped with product innovation and advocacy on Go-a tool that helps with continuous delivery. He has also worn the hats of a developer, open-source contributor, manager, product owner, tester, SOA architect, trainer, and Agile coach. An occasional blogger and speaker at conferences, his writings, talks, and contact information are available from sriramnarayan.com. The opinions in this book are his own.

Contents

Preface xix Acknowledgments xxiii About the Author xxv Glossary xxvii Chapter 1: Context 1 1.1 Focus 2 1.2 Business, IT, and Shadow IT 3 1.3 Business-IT Effectiveness 5 1.4 Digital Transformation 7 1.5 Bimodal IT and Dual Operating Systems 10 1.6 Angles of Coverage 10 1.7 Summary 11 Chapter 2: The Agile Credo 13 2.1 Understanding the Agile Manifesto 14 2.2 Continuous Delivery and DevOps 15 2.3 Agile Culture 16 2.4 Common Themes 18 2.5 Isn't Agile Dead? 21 2.6 Summary 22 Chapter 3: Key Themes 25 3.1 Software Development Reconsidered 26 3.2 Govern for Value over Predictability 28 3.3 Organize for Responsiveness over Cost-efficiency 30 3.4 Design for Intrinsic Motivation and Unscripted Collaboration 33 3.5 Summary 35 Chapter 4: Superstructure 37 4.1 Business Activities and Outcomes 37 4.2 Centralization and Decentralization 41 4.3 Silos 42 4.4 Summary of Insights 45 4.5 Summary of Actions 46 Chapter 5: Team Design 47 5.1 Framing the Problem 47 5.2 Activity-oriented Teams 48 5.3 Shared Services 54 5.4 Cross-functional Teams 56 5.5 Cross-functionality in Other Domains 61 5.6 Migrating to Cross-functional Teams 63 5.7 Communities of Practice 65 5.8 Maintenance Teams 65 5.9 Outsourcing 66 5.10 The Matrix: Solve It or Dissolve It 68 5.11 Summary of Insights 72 5.12 Summary of Actions 73 Chapter 6: Accountability 75 6.1 Power and Hierarchy 75 6.2 Balance Autonomy with Accountability 77 6.3 Assign Accountability 78 6.4 Minimize Power Struggles 82 6.5 Decide on an Outcome Owner 85 6.6 Migration 86 6.7 Decision Accountability 86 6.8 Planning and Execution 92 6.9 Org Chart Debt 97 6.10 Summary of Insights 98 6.11 Summary of Actions 98 Chapter 7: Alignment 99 7.1 Articulate Strategy for General Alignment 99 7.2 Aligning IT with Business 101 7.3 Structural Alignment 105 7.4 Making Business Play Its Part 107 7.5 Summary of Insights 108 7.6 Summary of Actions 108 Chapter 8: Projects 109 8.1 What Is Wrong with Plan-driven Software Projects? 109 8.2 Budget for Capacity, Not for Projects 110 8.3 Business-capability-centric IT 112 8.4 Project Business Cases 115 8.5 Value-driven Projects 117 8.6 Project Managers 119 8.7 Governance 120 8.8 Change Programs and Initiatives 121 8.9 Summary of Insights 123 8.10 Summary of Actions 123 Chapter 9: Finance 125 9.1 Relevance 125 9.2 Cost Center or Profit Center 126 9.3 Chargebacks 126 9.4 CapEx and OpEx 127 9.5 Conventional Budgeting 130 9.6 Agile Budgeting 132 9.7 Summary of Insights 134 9.8 Summary of Actions 135 Chapter 10: Staffing 137 10.1 Dealing with the Talent Crunch 137 10.2 Go Beyond Project Teams 139 10.3 Better Staffing 141 10.4 Summary of Insights 146 10.5 Summary of Actions 147 Chapter 11: Tooling 149 11.1 Access Control for Unscripted Collaboration 149 11.2 Subtle Effects of the Toolchain 151 11.3 Technology Isn't Value Neutral 154 11.4 Tool Evaluation 157 11.5 Summary of Insights 158 11.6 Summary of Actions 158 Chapter 12: Metrics 159 12.1 Metrics Don't Tell the Whole Story 159 12.2 Dashboards Promote Ignorance 162 12.3 The Problem with Targets and Incentives 163 12.4 Reforming the Metrics Regime 171 12.5 Designing Better Metrics 175 12.6 Objections to Metrics Reform 178 12.7 Migration 179 12.8 Summary of Insights 180 12.9 Summary of Actions 181 Chapter 13: Norms 183 13.1 What Are Norms? 183 13.2 Reinforcing Norms 184 13.3 Cooperation over Competition 186 13.4 Living Policies 187 13.5 Consistency over Uniformity 189 13.6 Ask for Forgiveness, Not for Permission 192 13.7 Confidential Surveys 193 13.8 Balance Theory and Practice 193 13.9 Summary of Insights 195 13.10 Summary of Actions 195 Chapter 14: Communications 197 14.1 Intrinsic Motivation 197 14.2 Interpersonal Communications: Problems 198 14.3 Interpersonal Communications: Mitigation 203 14.4 Scaling Employee Engagement through Internal Communications 204 14.5 Deliberating in Writing 208 14.6 The Use and Misuse of Visual Aids 211 14.7 Documents, Reports, and Templates 216 14.8 Summary of Insights 217 14.9 Summary of Actions 217 Chapter 15: The Office 219 15.1 Open-plan Layouts 219 15.2 Ergonomics 222 15.3 Remote Working 224 15.4 Summary of Insights 225 15.5 Summary of Actions 225 Chapter 16: Wrap-up 227 16.1 Summary of Effects 227 16.2 Order of Adoption 233 16.3 Information Radiators 234 16.4 Sample Exercise 235 16.5 IT Services 236 16.6 GICs 240 16.7 Beyond IT 243 Bibliography 245 Index 247

Product Details

  • publication date: 14/06/2015
  • ISBN13: 9780133903355
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 304
  • ID: 9780133903355
  • weight: 488
  • ISBN10: 0133903354

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  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
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