With essays on labour force participation and retirement, housing equity and the economic status of the elderly, budget implications of an aging population, and financing of social security and health care in the 1990s, this volume covers a broad spectrum of issues related to the economics of ageing. Among the book's findings are that workers are retiring at an increasingly earlier age in both countries and that, as the populations age, baby boomers in the United States will face diminishing financial resources as the ratio of retirees to workers sharply increases. The result of a joint venture between the National Bureau of Economic Research and the Japan Center for Economic Research, this book complements "Housing Markets in the United States and Japan" by integrating research on housing markets with economic issues of the aged in the United States and Japan.
Preface Introduction 1 Yukio Noguchi, David A. Wise. 1: Aging and Labor Force Participation: A Review of Trends and Explanations 7 Robin L. Lumsdaine, David A. Wise. 2: Social Security Benefits and the Labor Supply of the Elderly in Japan 43 Atsushi Seike, Haruo Shimada. 3: The Economic Status of the Elderly in the United States 63 Michael D. Hurd 4: Household Asset- and Wealthholdings in Japan 85 Noriyuki Takayama 5: Problems of Housing the Elderly in the United States and Japan 109 Daniel L. McFadden 6: The Cost of Aging: Public Finance Perspectives for Japan 139 Seiritsu Ogura 7: Financing Health Care for Elderly Americans in the 1990s 175 Alan M. Garber Contributors 195 Author Index 197 Subject Index 201