Agrarian Modernisation in Honduras (Latin American Studies Series v. 18)
By: Andy Thorpe (author)Hardback
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The agricultural sector is often both the main source of employment and the major contributor of foreign exchange in many developing countries. Furthermore, poverty levels are markedly higher in rural as opposed to urban areas. As a consequence, agriculture and agrarian policy will play a decisive role in shaping not only the country's economic future, but also the material welfare of a majority of inhabitants. cont. on the next page. Thorpe is therfore to be congratulated in providing us with this detailed study of the agricultural sector in Honduras. The country may be small and poor, but the issues that this study raises are relevant to many other developing countries that are currently engaged in implementing neo-liberal economic policies and sectoral adjustment programmes.
List of Tables i Map iv Acknowledgements v Foreword ix Preface xiii Abbreviations xix 1. The Origins of Adjustment and its Potential Implications for the Agricultural Sector in Latin America. 1 1.1. Introduction. 1 1.2. The Demise of Import Substituting Industrialisation (ISI). 3 1.3. The IMF, the World Bank and Latin America. 11 1.4. Why Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) may differ. 22 1.5. Adjustment Programmes and the Agricultural Sector. 33 1.6. Conclusion. 53 2. The Agrarian Path to Modernisation in Honduras. 55 2.1. Introduction. 55 2.2. The Birth of the Agro-Export Economy. 57 2.3. Agrarian Performance, Economic Crisis and Political Democratisation in the Eighties and Nineties. 65 2.4. 'Growing out of Debt': Why Agrarian Policy Matters. 85 2.5 Conclusion. 97 3. Rural Poverty in Honduras: Profiling the Poor. 101 3.1. Introduction. 101 3.2. The Evolution of Poverty in Honduras. 104 3.3. Rural Poverty and Inequality: Levels and Trends. 107 3.4. Poverty Profiles: A Typology of the Rural Poor. 148 3.5. Conclusion. 159 4. La Politica de Precios: Agrarian Pricing and Distribution Policies. 163 4.1. Introduction. 163 4.2. The History of Pricing and Commercialisation Policy in Honduras. 166 4.3. The Ley para la Modernizacion y Desarrollo del Sector Agricola (LMDSA): The New Rules of the Game. 179 4.4. The Projected Impact of the New Commercialisation Policy upon Production and Poverty Levels. 189 4.5. Actual Impact of the New Commercialisation Policy upon Production and Poverty Levels. 193 4.6. Conclusion. 210 5. El Credito Agricola: Re-orienting Credit Provision along Neo-Liberal Lines. 213 5.1. Introduction. 213 5.2. The History of Agrarian Credit Provision in Honduras. 216 5.3. The LMDSA: The New Rules of the Game. 238 5.4. The Projected Impact of LMDSA Credit Policy on Honduran Production and Poverty Levels. 246 5.5. Actual Impact of LMDSA Credit Policy on Honduran Production and Poverty Levels. 248 5.6. Conclusion. 261 6. La Tenencia de la Tierra: From Land Titles to Expropriation and Back Again. 265 6.1. Introduction. 265 6.2. The History of Land Titling, Colonisation and Reform in Honduras. 268 6.3. The LMDSA: The New Rules of the Game. 289 6.4. The Projected Impact of LMDSA Tenure Policy on Honduran Production and Poverty Levels. 294 6.5. Actual Impact of LMDSA Tenure Policy on Honduran Production and Poverty Levels. 303 6.6. Conclusion. 340 7. Conclusions. 345 Appendices 363 Bibliography 415 Index 449
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