This important book, written by recognized leaders in their fields, discusses agricultural dimensions of global climate change. Research and policy issues are covered and a multidisciplinary view of global climate change and agriculture is presented. Major sections cover the contribution of agriculture to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (including an investigation as to whether monitoring and verification of such emissions would work) and the impact of global climate change on agriculture. The book examines such important issues as global food availability, distributional effects between developing and developed countries, agricultural adaptation possibilities, and whether CO2 enrichment will benefit agriculture. A unique feature of this publication is that it addresses communication difficulties between researchers and policy makers and suggests solutions.
1. Introduction, Thomas E. Drennen & Harry M. Kaiser Nature of the Problem Sources of Greenhouse Gases Agricultural Impact of Global Warming The International Response The Role of Agriculture 2. Is Climate Change Occurring? Evidence from the Instrumental Record, P.D. Jones Data Temporal Variation in Hemispheric Mean Temperature The Spatial Pattern of Warmth During the 1981-1990 Decade 3. Some Issues in Detecting Climate Change Induced by Greenhouse Gases Using General Circulation Models, Benjamin D. Santer Climate Models and Greenhouse Warming Experiments Model Signal Uncertainties Natural Variability Uncertainties The Attribution of Problem: Establishing the Causal Link 4. Current Climate and Population Constraints on World Agriculture, R. Gommes Climate Constraints Human Population Constraints 5. Potential Impacts of Climate Change on World Food Supply: A Summary of a Recent International Study, Cynthia Rosenzweig & Martin L. Parry Crop Yield Methods Crop Yield Results World Food Trade Methods World Food Trade Results 6. Impacts of Climate Change on the Agriculture and Economy of the Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska and Kansas (MINK) Region, Pierre Crosson Impact of the Analog Climate on 1980s Crop Production Impacts on the 1980s Regional Economy by Way of Crop Production Impacts in 2030: Agriculture 7. Adaptation to Global Climate Change at the Farm Level, H.M. Kaiser, S.J. Riha, D.S. Wilks & R. Sampath The Integrated Model Adaptation Scenarios Results 8. Carbon Dioxide Effects on Plants: Uncertainties and Implications for Modeling Crop Response to Climate Change, David W. Wolfe & Jon D. Erickson Plant Physiological Response to CO2 Optimum Yield Response to CO2 in Controlled Environments Interactions between CO2 and Other Environmental Factors Crop Models and the CO2 Effect 9. Distributional Effects of Global Warming and Emissions Abatement, Steven Kyle Distributional Aspects of Climate Change Distributional Issues and Policies for Emission Abatement Prospects for an International Abatement Treaty 10. After Rio: The Status of Climate Change Negotiations, Thomas E. Drennen The Agreement Obstacles to Implementation Effectiveness of the Agreement 11. Four Questions of Justice, Henry Shue Four Kinds of Questions Two Kinds of Answers Two Kinds of Grounds 12. Status and Issues Concerning Agricultural Emissions of Greenhouse Gases John M. Duxbury & Arvin R. Mosier Global Annual Budgets of CO2, CH4, and N2O Significance of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Agriculture Selected Issues Regarding Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Agriculture 13. Agricultural Emissions of Greenhouse Gases: Monitoring and Verification, Owen Greene & Julian E. Salt The Relevance of Monitoring: Verification and Scientific Review Agricultural Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Context Monitoring Agricultural Sector GHG Emissions Comments and Verification 14. Bridging the Gap between Policymakers and Academics, Susan Offutt What Defines a Gap? How Big is the Gap? Closing the Gap: The Lessons of Experience The Peculiarities of Agriculture Bridging the Gap 15. Communications between Decision Makers and Researchers: An Overview of the Joint Climate Project, J.C. Bernabo, P.D. Eglinton & C. L. Cooper Unique Approach Findings Continuing the Process Glossary Index
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