This volume brings together a diverse set of new studies--archaeological, ethnohistoric, and ethnographic--that focus on agricultural intensification and hydraulic systems around the world. Fifteen chapters--written by many of the world's leading experts--combine extensive regional overviews of agricultural histories with in-depth case studies. In this volume are chapters on agriculture in the Middle East, South Asia, Europe, Oceania, Mesoamerica, and South America. A wide range of theoretical perspectives and approaches are used to provide a framework for agricultural land-use and water management in a variety of cultural and historical contexts. This book covers the co-evolutionary relationships among sociopolitical structure, agriculture, land-use, and water control. Agricultural Strategies is an invaluable resource for those engaged in ongoing debates about the role of intensification and agriculture in the past and present.
Joyce Marcus is Robert L. Carneiro Distinguished Professor of Social Evolution, department of anthropology, and director and Curator of Latin American Archaeology, Museum of Anthropology, at the University of Michigan. Charles Stanish holds the Lloyd Cotsen Chair in Archaeology at the University of California, Los Angeles.
Introduction (Joyce Marcus and Charles Stanish); MESOPOTAMIA: Intensified Large-scale Irrigation as an Aspect of Imperial Policy: Strategies of Statecraft on the Late Sasanian Mesopotamian Plain (Robert McC. Adams); From Highland to Desert: The Organization and Landscape of Irrigation in S. Arabia (Tony Wilkinson); ASIA:Intensification as Situated Process: Landscape History and Collapse (Kathleen Morrison); Water Supply, Labor Organisation and Land Ownership in Indus Floodplain Agricultural Systems (Heather M-L Miller); EUROPE: The Barren and the Fertile: Central and Local Intensification Strategies across Variable Landscapes (Tina L Thurston); Irrigation in Medieval Spain: A Personal Narrative across a Generation (Thomas F Glick); OCEANIA: Agricultural Intensification: A Polynesian Perspective (Patrick V Kirch); MESOAMERICA: The Roles of Ritual and Technology in Mesoamerican Water Management (Joyce Marcus); Agricultural Intensification, Water and Political Power in the Southern Maya Lowlands (Lisa Lucero); SOUTH AMERICA: Agricultural Innovation, Intensification, and Sociopolitical Development: the Case of Highland Irrigation Agriculture on the Pacific Andean Watersheds(Ryan Williams); Intensification, Political Economy, and the Farming Community: In Defense of a Bottom-Up Perspective of the Past (Clark Erickson); Prehispanic agricultural strategies of intensification in the Titicaca Basin of Peru and Bolivia (Charles Stanish); DISCUSSION: Intensification and the Political Economy: A Contextual Overview (Vern Scarborough).