While scientists can develop yield enhancing technologies, these will not make an impact on production and productivity without appropriate support from public policy and investment. National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) has from time to time assembled groups of eminent scientists to analyse public policy issues in important areas related to agriculture and prepare papers relevant to policy formulation. The present book includes 39 policy papers issued by the Academy during the last 15 years covering a wide range of issues like: Sustainable Livelihood and Nutrition Security, Water Resources Management, Soil Health Enhancement and Fertiliser Use, Agro-biodiversity and Biosafety, Agricultural Research and Education, and Globalisation and Agri-Exports. Many of the suggestions and recommendations contained in the book present a road map for rescuing the fate of farmers and farming from the present agrarian crisis prevailing in several parts of the country. This book will be useful for scholars in agricultural universities and research institutions and for policy and investment decisions in the field of agriculture.