There are a number of policy interventions applied in industrial and developing countries that impact world trade and production in agriculture. Autonomous reforms as well as the new multilateral trade negotiations, under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO), will help bring the sector more completely under the discipline of the multilateral trading system. This report contains studies that address such issues as the lessons learned from the Uruguay Round of negotiations which can be applied to the next round of trade negotiations. It details the benefits to date for developing countries in liberalizing their trade. The relationship between trade liberalization and rural poverty is discussed along with an evaluation of the new trade issues and the best means to move forward.