In 2013 almost half of Africa's top aid recipients were ruled by authoritarian regimes. While the West may claim to promote democracy and human rights, in practice major bilateral and international donors, such as USAID, DFID, the World Bank and the European Commission, have seen their aid policies become ever more entangled with the survival of their authoritarian proteges. Local citizens thus find themselves at the receiving end of a compromise between aid agencies and government elites, in which development policies are shaped in the interests of maintaining the status quo. Aid and Authoritarianism in Africa sheds light on the political intricacies and moral dilemmas raised by the relationship between foreign aid and autocratic rule in Africa. Through contributions by leading experts exploring the revival of authoritarian development politics in Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda, Cameroon, Mozambique and Angola, the book exposes shifting donor interests and rhetoric as well as the impact of foreign aid on military assistance, rural development, electoral processes and domestic politics.
In the process, it raises an urgent and too often neglected question: to what extent are foreign aid programmes actually perpetuating authoritarian rule?
Tobias Hagmann is associate professor of international development at Roskilde University, a research associate with the Political Geography Chair at the University of Zurich in Switzerland and a fellow with the Rift Valley Institute in Nairobi and London. Filip Reyntjens is professor of African law and politics at the Institute of Development Policy and Management, University of Antwerp. He is a full member of the Belgian Royal Academy of Overseas Sciences and a board member of several scientific organizations.
Introduction: Aid and Authoritarianism in Sub-Saharan Africa after 1990 - Tobias Hagmann and Filip Reyntjens 1. Discourses of Democracy, Practices of Autocracy: Shifting Meanings of Democracy in the Aid-Authoritarianism Nexus - Rita Abrahamsen 2. Aid to Rwanda: Unstoppable Rock, Immovable Post - Zoe Marriage 3. Authoritarianism and the Securitization of Development in Uganda - David M. Anderson and Jonathan Fisher 4. Ethiopia and International Aid: Development Between High Modernism and Exceptional Measures - Emanuele Fantini and Luca Puddu 5. Donors and the Making of 'Credible' Elections in Cameroon - Marie-Emmanuelle Pommerolle 6. Foreign Aid and Political Settlements: Contrasting the Mozambican and Angolan Cases - Helena Perez Nino and Philippe Le Billon Conclusion: Democracy Fatigue and the Ghost of Modernization Theory - Nicolas van de Walle