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We know certain chemicals cause problems in the workplace. The issues now are: Where do they occur in the workplace? How can we best evaluate them? What are the procedures for dealing with them safely? Many books simply define the problem and tell you that you need a program. Air Sampling and Industrial Hygiene gives you a guide to air sampling protocols from start to finish. The book presents sampling technology updated with today's tools - such as microcircuitry and remote sensing. The authors emphasize an interdisciplinary approach to understanding how air monitoring can adequately report current environmental conditions associated with outdoor media, indoor remediation efforts, proximal equipment, interior line monitoring, and the interrelationship of ventilation parameters. In addition to providing the how-tos of sampling, this guide covers the basics of chemical risk assessment, biological assessment, engineering evaluation of mechanical system design criteria, and chemical or process engineering hazard assessments.
It presents the information using text, text outlines, graphics, and pictures - including cross sections of instrumentation and side bars to elaborate on complex concepts. Faulty readings caused by poor sampling techniques can be very costly. This book provides the how-tos for making design engineering and on-site decisions as to instrumentation selection and scheduled usage. Air Sampling and Industrial Hygiene Engineering will allow you to complete the sampling process systematically and correctly from initial suspicions to the use of obtained results.
AIR SAMPLING INTRODUCTION Documentation Sample Documentation Competency for Sampling Technicians Sampling Activity Hazard Analysis (AHA) Security Equipment Precautions Adverse Temperature Effects Explosive Atmospheres Atmospheres Containing Carcinogens AIR SAMPLING INSTRUMENTATION OPTIONS Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Ozone Meter Toxic Gas Meters Semi-volatile Organic Compounds (SVOC) Acid Gases or Caustics Mercury Analyzer-Gold Film Analyzer Particulates - Sampled by Filtration/Impaction Gravimetric Filter Weighing Procedure Total Dust and Metal Fume Respirable Dust Inhalable Dusts Personnel Environmental Monitors (PEMs) Welding Fumes Asbestos Direct-Reading Dust Monitors Biologicals Radiation Monitors and Meters Light Ionizing Radiation Equation 2-1 Equation 2-2 Nonionizing Radiation CALIBRATION TECHNIQUES Calibration Requirements Manual Buret Bubble Meter Technique (Primary Calibration) Electronic Flow Calibrators Electronic Bubble Meter Method Dry Flow Calibration Precision Rotameter Method (Secondary) Span Gas Bump Testing STATISTICAL ANALYSIS AND RELEVANCE Definitions Example - Outline of Bulk Sampling QA/QC Procedure Example - Outline of the NIOSH 7400 QA Procedure Sampling and Analytical Errors (SAE) Sampling Methods Calculations Equation 4-1 Equation 4-2 Equation 4-3 Calculation Method for a Full-Period, Continuous Single Sample Equation 4-4 Equation 4-5 Equation 4-6 Sample Calculation for Full-Period, Continuous Single Sample Calculation Method for Full-Period Consecutive Sampling Equation 4-7 Equation 4-8 Sample Calculation - Full-Period Consecutive Sampling Grab Sampling SAEs - Exposure to Chemical Mixtures Equation 4-9 CHEMICAL RISK ASSESSMENT Baseline Risk Assessment (BLRA) Conceptual Site Model Chemicals of Potential Concern (COPC) Human Health Baseline Risk Assessment Criteria Toxicity Assessment Toxicological Profiles Uncertainties Related to Toxicity Information Potentially Exposed Populations Environmental Fate and Transport of COPCS Exposure Points and Exposure Routes Complete Exposure Pathways Evaluated Ecological Risk Assessment Data Evaluation and Data Gaps Uncertainties Risk Characterization Head Space Monitoring - Volatiles O2/Combustible Gas Indicator (CGI) Industrial Monitoring - Process Safety Management Bulk Samples BIOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT Fungi, Molds, and Risk Biological Agents and Fungi Types Aspergillus Penicillium Fungi and Disease Fungi Control Abatement INDOOR AIR QUALITY (IAQ) AND ENVIRONS Ventilation Design Guide Example Design Conditions Guidance Mechanical Room Layout Requirements Electrical Equipment/Panel Coordination General Piping Requirements Roof Mounted Equipment Vibration Isolation/Equipment Pads Instrumentation Redundancy Exterior Heat Distribution System Thermal Insulation of Mechanical Systems Plumbing System Compressed Air System Air Supply and Distribution System Ductwork Design Ventilation and Exhaust Systems Testing, Adjusting and Balancing of HVAC Systems Ventilation Adequacy Laboratory Fume Hood Performance Criteria Flow Hoods Thermoanemometer Other Velometers AREA MONITORING & CONTINGENCY PLANNING Area of Influence Perimeter Air Monitoring by Task Page Evacuation Zones Site Work Zone Radiation Sites Equation 8-1 Equation 8-2 Equation 8-3 Equation 8-4 Equation 8-5 Table 8-1 Equation 8-6 Table 8-2 Equation 8-7 Equation 8-8 Table 8-4 Sample Weighting Factors Table 8-5 Table 8-6 Equation 8-9 Equation 8-10 Equation 8-11 Equation 8-12 Table 8-7 MICROCIRCUITRY AND REMOTE MONITORING Continuous Indoor Air Quality Monitoring in Buildings Industrial/Remediation Process Monitoring OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH - AIR MONITORING STRATEGIES Exposure Measurements STEL Sampling Exposure Fluctuations Air Sampling Pump Donning Air Sampling - Asbestos Table 10-1 Formula for Calculation of the 95 Percent Confidence Level Table 10-2 NIOSH Method 7400 Table 10-3 EPA AHERA Method: TEM Air Sampling Protocol Crystalline Silica Samples Analyzed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD) Metals - Welding General Technique for Wipe Sampling MONITORING FOR TOXICOLOGICAL RISK Types of Sampling Quality Control Exposure Evaluation Criteria Examples of Chemicals that Require Monitoring Confined Space Monitoring Welding RISK COMMUNICATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING Federal Legislation Key Compliance Requirements Key Compliance Definitions Community Relations GLOSSARY OF TERMS INDEX
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- ID: 9781566704175
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