"Al-Ghazali on Invocations and Supplications" is a translation of the ninth chapter of the "Revival of the Religious Sciences" (Ihya Ulum al-Din), which is widely regarded as the greatest work of Muslim spirituality. "Al-Ghazali on Invocations and Supplications" is probably the most commonly read compendium of personal prayers in the Muslim world, especially those concerning the remembrance of God (dhikr). "Al-Ghazali on Invocations and Supplications" is popular not only for its comprehensiveness and beauty, but also for Ghazali's analytical approach, which explores the psychological and spiritual effects of prayer and the celebration of God's Name. This work is essential reading for those who seek a spiritual life and who desire to walk the meditative and reflective path of "dhikr" prayer.---This new fourth edition of "Al-Ghazali on Invocations and Supplications" includes the invocations and supplications in Arabic for those readers who would like to use them in their prayers and a translation of Abu Hamid al-Ghazali's own Introduction to the "Revival of the Religious Sciences", which gives the reasons that caused him to write the work, the structure of the whole of the "Revival", and places each of the chapters in the context of the others.
Author Information: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (d. 505/1111), theologian, logician, jurist and mystic, was born and died in Tus in Central Asia, but spent much of his life lecturing at Baghdad or leading the life of a wandering dervish. His most celebrated work, "Revival of the Religious Sciences", has exercised a profound influence on Muslim intellectual history by exploring the mystical significance of the practices and beliefs of Islamic orthodoxy, earning him the title of "Hujjat al Islam", the `Proof of Islam'.---Translator Information: Prof Kojiro Nakamura was the Head of the Islamic Studies Department at the University of Tokyo.
Al-Ghazali's Introduction to the "Revival of the Religious Sciences"---Publisher's Note---Editor's Note---Abbreviation---Preface---Introduction---Notes to Introduction---Prologue---Chapter One: On the General Merit and Profit of Invocation, with an Illustration from the Qur'an, the Traditions and the Narratives---Chapter Two: On the Forms and Value of Supplication and Some Transmitted Prayers; the Merit of Asking for Forgiveness and of Invoking Blessing upon the Emissary of God (may God bless him and grant him peace)---Chapter Three: Transmitted Prayers whose Authors and Circumstances [of Composition] are Known and whose Use in the Mornings and Evenings and immediately after each Ritual Prayer is Desirable---Chapter Four: Prayers Transmitted from the Prophet and his Companions, with the "Isnad" Omitted and Chosen from the Collections of Abu Talib al-Makki, Ibn Khuzayma, and Ibn Mundhir---Chapter Five: Prayers Transmitted for Every Emergent Occasion---Notes---Appendix I: Persons cited in text---Appendix II: Some Important invocations---Bibliography---Index to Qur'anic Quotations---General Index