"The Condemnation of Pride and Self-Admiration" is the twenty-ninth chapter of "Revival of the Religious Sciences", a monumental work written by the jurist Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali (d.1111). Perhaps the most important chapter in the "Revival", "The Condemnation of Pride and Self-Admiration" delves into the fundamental spiritual ailments and major impediments of the soul, namely pride and self-admiration. From the beginning of the work, Ghazali states that both pride and self-admiration are forms of spiritual disease. He treats of pride in Part One, firstly condemning this ailment with verses from the Qur'an, describing how it manifests outwardly, how the virtue of humility represents its opposite, what it is and what its symptoms are, as well as the seven reasons for the cause of pride and the root cause of pride in self-admiration. As an antidote, Ghazali offers examples of true humility, showing the manner by which the seven causes of pride can be dealt with, balancing these observations out with a warning against false humility. In Part Two Ghazali discusses self-admiration, condemning it as he did pride in Part One, showing the various ways it manifests inwardly, how it causes negligence, delusion and complacency, how each can be remedied, that self-admiration does not always lead to proud actions, and how the cure lies in the Qur'an, the teachings of the Prophet, proofs based on sound reasoning, as well as recognising that knowledge is a blessing from God.
Author Information: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (1058-1111), theologian, logician, jurist and mystic, was born and died in Tus in Central Asia, but spent much of his life lecturing at Baghdad or leading the life of a wondering dervish. His most celebrated work, "Revival of the Religious Sciences", has exercised a profound influence on Muslim intellectual history by exploring the mystical significance of the practices and beliefs of Islamic orthodoxy, earning him the title of "Hujjat al Islam", the 'Proof of Islam'.---Translator Information: Mohammed Rustom is Associate Professor of Islamic Studies at Carleton University. He is the translator of the award-winning book "The Triumph of Mercy: Philosophy and Scripture in Mulla Sadra" (2012) and co-editor of "The Study Quran: A New Translation and Commentary" (2015).
Translator's Introduction----PART I: ON PRIDE----CHAPTER ONE: The Condemnation of Pride----CHAPTER TWO: The Condemnation of Ostentation and the Display of the Traces of Pride in One's Gait, and in the Dragging of One's Garments----CHAPTER THREE: The Virtue of Humility----CHAPTER FOUR: The Reality of Pride and its Defects----CHAPTER FIVE: The Objects of Pride, their Degrees and Categories and the Consequences of Pride Towards Them----CHAPTER SIX: Reasons for Being Proud----CHAPTER SEVEN: The Causes of Pride and the Means for its Provocation----CHAPTER EIGHT: The Character Traits of the Humble, and the Effects of Humility and Pride----CHAPTER NINE: The Method of Curing Pride and Acquiring Humility----CHAPTER TEN: Extremes in Practicing Humility----PART II: ON SELF-ADMIRATION----CHAPTER ONE: The Condemnation of Self-Admiration and its Defects----CHAPTER TWO: The Defects of Self-Admiration----CHAPTER THREE: The Reality of Self-Admiration and Vanity----CHAPTER FOUR: Curing Self-Admiration in General----CHAPTER FIVE: Reasons for Self-Admiration and How to Cure Them----APPENDIX I: Persons Cited in the Text----APPENDIX II: Glossary of Arabic-English Terms----BIBLIOGRAPHY----INDEX OF QUR'ANIC QUOTATIONS----GENERAL INDEX