In these original readings of Albert Camus' novels, short stories, and political essays, David Carroll concentrates on Camus' conflicted relationship with his Algerian background and finds important critical insights into questions of justice, the effects of colonial oppression, and the deadly cycle of terrorism and counterterrorism that characterized the Algerian War and continues to surface in the devastation of postcolonial wars today. During France's "dirty war" in Algeria, Camus called for an end to the violence perpetrated against civilians by both France and the Algerian National Liberation Front (FLN) and supported the creation of a postcolonial, multicultural, and democratic Algeria. His position was rejected by most of his contemporaries on the Left and has, ironically, earned him the title of colonialist sympathizer as well as the scorn of important postcolonial critics. Carroll rescues Camus' work from such criticism by emphasizing the Algerian dimensions of his literary and philosophical texts and by highlighting in his novels and short stories his understanding of both the injustice of colonialism and the tragic nature of Algeria's struggle for independence.
By refusing to accept that the sacrifice of innocent human lives can ever be justified, even in the pursuit of noble political goals, and by rejecting simple, ideological binaries (West vs. East, Christian vs. Muslim, "us" vs. "them," good vs. evil), Camus' work offers an alternative to the stark choices that characterized his troubled times and continue to define our own. "What they didn't like, was the Algerian, in him," Camus wrote of his fictional double in The First Man. Not only should "the Algerian" in Camus be "liked," Carroll argues, but the Algerian dimensions of his literary and political texts constitute a crucial part of their continuing interest. Carroll's reading also shows why Camus' critical perspective has much to contribute to contemporary debates stemming from the global "war on terror."
David Carroll is professor of French and past director of the Critical Theory Institute, former chair of the Department of French and Italian, and past director of the European Studies Program at the University of California, Irvine. His books include French Literary Fascism: Nationalism, Anti-Semitism, and the Ideology of Culture; Paraesthetics: Foucault, Lyotard, Derrida; and The Subject in Question: The Languages of Theory and the Strategies of Fiction . He is also the editor of a collection of essays entitled The States of "Theory" and is currently working on a book entitled Crises in French Identity: From the Dreyfus Affair to the Present .
Preface. A Voice from the Past Acknowledgments Introduction. "The Algerian" in Camus 1. The Place of the Other 2. Colonial Borders 3. Exile 4. Justice or Death? 5. Terror 6. Anguish 7. Last Words Conclusion. Terrorism and Torture: From Algeria to Iraq Notes Index