Within days of Madeleine Albright's confirmation as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations in 1993, she instructed David Scheffer to spearhead the historic mission to create a war crimes tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. As senior adviser to Albright and then as President Clinton's ambassador-at-large for war crimes issues, Scheffer was at the forefront of the efforts that led to criminal tribunals for the Balkans, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, and Cambodia, and that resulted in the creation of the permanent International Criminal Court. All the Missing Souls is Scheffer's gripping insider's account of the international gamble to prosecute those responsible for genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity, and to redress some of the bloodiest human rights atrocities in our time. Scheffer reveals the truth behind Washington's failures during the 1994 Rwandan genocide and the 1995 Srebrenica massacre, the anemic hunt for notorious war criminals, how American exceptionalism undercut his diplomacy, and the perilous quests for accountability in Kosovo and Cambodia. He takes readers from the killing fields of Sierra Leone to the political back rooms of the U.N.
Security Council, providing candid portraits of major figures such as Madeleine Albright, Anthony Lake, Richard Goldstone, Louise Arbour, Samuel "Sandy" Berger, Richard Holbrooke, and Wesley Clark, among others. A stirring personal account of an important historical chapter, All the Missing Souls provides new insights into the continuing struggle for international justice.
David Scheffer is the Mayer Brown/Robert A. Helman Professor of Law and director of the Center for International Human Rights at Northwestern University School of Law. He led American initiatives on war crimes tribunals during the 1990s, served as the first U.S. ambassador-at-large for war crimes issues (1997-2001), and was named one of Foreign Policy's "Top Global Thinkers of 2011."
INTRODUCTION: Ambassador to Hell 1 PART I CHAPTER ONE: An Echo of Nuremberg 15 CHAPTER TWO: It's Genocide, Stupid 45 CHAPTER THREE: Credible Justice for Rwanda 69 CHAPTER FOUR: Abandoned at Srebrenica 87 CHAPTER FIVE: The Pastor from Mugonero 108 CHAPTER SIX: Unbearable Timidity 124 PART II CHAPTER SEVEN: The Siren of Exceptionalism 163 CHAPTER EIGHT: Futile Endgame 199 CHAPTER NINE: Rome's Aftermath 227 PART III CHAPTER TEN: Crime Scene Kosovo 251 CHAPTER ELEVEN: Freetown Is Burning 296 CHAPTER TWELVE: The Toughest Cockfi ght 341 PART IV CHAPTER THIRTEEN: No Turning Back 409 CHAPTER FOURTEEN: Postscript on Law, Crimes, and Impunity 421 Acknowledgments 441 Appendix: Comparison of Modern War Crimes Tribunals 444 Notes 451 Further Reading 501 List of Illustrations 511 Index 513