In 1543, the Ottoman fleet appeared off the coast of France to bombard and lay siege to the city of Nice. The operation, under the command of Admiral Barbarossa, came in response to a request from Francois I of France for assistance from Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent in France's struggle against Charles V, the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. This military alliance between mutual 'infidels', the Christian French King and the Muslim Sultan, aroused intense condemnation on religious grounds from the Habsburgs and their supporters as an aberration from accepted diplomacy. Memories of the Crusades were, after all, still very much alive in Europe and an alliance with 'the Turk' seemed unthinkable to many. "Allies with the Infidel" places the events of 1543 and the subsequent wintering of the Ottoman fleet in Toulon in the context of the power politics of the sixteenth century. Relying on contemporary Ottoman and French sources, it presents the realpolitik of diplomacy with 'infidels' in the early modern era. The result is essential reading for students and scholars of European history, Ottoman Studies, and of relations between the Christian and Islamic worlds.
Christine Isom-Verhaaren received her PhD in Ottoman History in 1997 from the University of Chicago where she was a student of Halil Inalcik. She has been teaching Middle East History at Benedictine University in Lisle, Illinois, since 2001.
List of Illustrations Acknowledgements Note on Transliteration, Pronunciation and Names Introduction: Webs of Diplomacy and Historiographical Images 1. The Ottoman Involvement in Alliances, Diplomacy and the Balance of Power, 1453-1600 2. Multiple Identities: Views of Foreign State Servants in France and the Ottoman Empire 3. Sultan Cem: A Fifteenth-Century Ottoman View of Relations with the Infidels 4. Allies with the Infidel: Joint Ottoman-Frnch Naval Operatons 5. Views of Infidel Allies: Records of Negotiating, Fighting and Travelling Conclusion